Hunting fishing cats is prohibited in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam. Cat News 51: 12–13. 2003. Distribution and behaviour of three small wild cats in Sri Lanka. The terrestrial apex predator of Colombo, the fishing cat is a master angler and a wetland specialist. Its ears are small and round, and the backs of each ear is black with a prominent white spot in the middle – very much like a tiger’s. The species is generally considered terrestrial, but show strong arboreal tendencies. Manual of the Mammals of Sri Lanka. Mammalia. Rusty-spotted cat in Sri Lanka: observations of an arid zone population. The fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) is another feline that contradicts the belief that cats dislike water, frequently entering the water to prey on fish, as its common name alludes. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Throughout their range, fishing cats are strongly associated with wetlands, marshlands and other habitats that have a good source of flowing water. urbanization, agriculture and aquaculture), whereas in Southeast Asia, the species is threatened mainly by persecution. Many parts of the species’ habitat is being converted into solar plants and alternative energy sources. ISBN 0-226-77999-8. The fishing cat is a stocky and powerfully built animal. Sighting of rusty spotted cat from new localities in central Gujarat. In Tamil it is called Puli. Size comparison: The size of a six month old domestic cat. Conflict with humans is also a common occurrence when the species preys on livestock and poultry, and as a result, fishing cats are often poisoned, trapped and clubbed to death, across their range. Mammalia, Volume 74 Issue 4: 427-430. Share: Do you love the water, the peacefulness of watching it, or the fun of being in it? Mammal mortality due to road vehicles in Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, Andhra Pradesh, India. 2010. However, once the cats were placed in a nocturnal environment and after closely monitoring their behaviour, the keepers learned that the species might not be strictly nocturnal or crepuscular. LEARN MORE. Follow Anya Ratnayaka from Sri Lanka's Environmental Foundation as she tracks fishing cats through the urban jungle of Colombo. The species’ global population has declined more than 30% over the past 15 years (three generations) due to fishing cats being killed by local people throughout their range. Its short, coarse fur coat is a beautiful olive grey, tinged with brown and patterned with rows of parallel solid black, oblong spots along its flank. Sri Lanka : Stamps [Series: Native animals] [1/2]. Secondly, unlike the long and sharp second upper pre-molar of a flat-headed cat, which allows it to grab and hold onto slippery prey, the fishing cat’s tooth is much smaller and less developed. 2003. The species seems relatively safe in certain protected areas. Fishing cats are at a high risk of extinction throughout their global range, and therefore has been thought to be one of the most vulnerable small wild cat species in South and? Secondly, unlike the long and sharp second upper pre-molar of a flat-headed cat, which allows it to grab and hold onto slippery prey, the fishing cat’s tooth is much smaller and less developed. 22 of 2009, under Schedule ll, listing the species as a strictly protected mammal. 70% of their diet is fish leading to their name. We currently track 133 animals in Sri Lanka and are adding more every day! The Sri Lankan Fishing Cat Shayanne Nicholas February 28, 2019 0 Comments Often spotted in the streams, swamps, and mangroves of Kumana and Wilpattu, the elusive Sri Lankan fishing cat, as its name suggests, primarily preys on fish, with the remainder of its … Their scientific name comes from their viverrine or civet-like appearance rather than any adaptation for fishing. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T18149A50662471. Like the fishing cat, there is little known about the social structure and behaviour of these cats. In Sri Lanka, the fishing cat is known as Handun Diviya or Kola Diviya, terms that are also used by the local community to refer to the Rusty-spotted Cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus), another little-known small cat in suburban areas of Sri Lanka. Illustration by Eric Losh. Cat News 38: 30-32. Behera, S., J. Borah. In a catfishing scam, a person on the internet will create a fake identity and try to romance or seduce their target. Genus: Prionailurus. 187–188. The evolution of cats. Hunting fishing cats is prohibited in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam. A dietary study conducted in the area suggests that an individual fishing cat eats between 365 and 730 rodents per year. However, in Sri Lanka, fishing cats occur in wetlands in hilly areas as well. Most known records of the species within its range are from lowlands. However, it has been found that this webbing is not much more developed than that of a Bobcat. Observations of rusty-spotted cat in eastern Gujurat. Two kittens are usually born after a 63-70 day gestation period and weigh around 170 grams each. Sunquist, M & Sunquist, F, (2002) Wild Cats of the World. Like polar bears, this layer of hair acts as snug-fitting thermal underwear, and keeps the animal both warm and dry even during the coldest of fishing expeditions. Seeing that there is very little information on the species, rusty-spotted cats should be prioritised for research and monitoring in the future. With the rapid rate of habitat fragmentation caused by expanding human-dominated areas and rapid changes in land use, disease should also be considered as a major threat to the species. Although their size varies greatly, they are often significantly larger than leopard cats, and they are much more specialized. The loss of all this habitat could be devastating to the species, as it could bring the current population down by 20-25% over the next three generations. Freshwater Catfish were formerly very abundant across most of the Murray-Darling Basin in inland NSW. After thousands of votes, zoo officials say the new kitten will be named ‘Puddles.’ We casted a line to Zoo fans to find a “reel”y cute name for our playful fishing cat kitten! In fact, these conflicts are an important factor in the species’ precipitous decline, which has seen their population slide by about 30 per cent over the past 15 years. & Kittle, A. Buy, sell, trade and exchange collectibles easily with Colnect collectors community. Cat News 52: 4–7. In Sri Lanka, the rusty-spotted cat is protected in the Fauna and Flora Protection (Amendment) Act, No. It lives in the lowland dry forests of the country. Envis Bulletin. 241–245. Although water buffaloes are indigenous to Sri Lanka, most populations contain genes of the domestic stock or are descended from feral stock. Stamp: Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) (Sri Lanka) (Native animals) Mi:LK 542,Sn:LK 594,Yt:LK 559,Sg:LK 718. Buy, sell, trade and exchange collectibles easily with Colnect collectors community. 2008. Photo by Pranav Tamarapalli/Wikimedia Commons. Many of these killings are as a part of cultural practice, and most of these cases go unnoticed, or are ignored unless reported by non-governmental organisations or interested people. Sri Lankan Sloth Bear . In Sri Lanka, the species has been recorded from the Central Highlands to the Southern rainforests. In Cambodia and Thailand, the species is killed by local people for consumption and/or retaliation, such as when the cats damage fishing nets or kill livestock. The Fishing cat is a “small” cat of medium size and stocky build, with short legs and a short tail, and a face that is round but elongated. Nekaris, K. A. I. Rusty-spotted cats are native to India (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu-Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh), Nepal and Sri Lanka. Each litter consists of 1 to 3 kittens, and these newborn kittens weigh approximately 46g. Finally, in the past, one of the most noted characteristics associated with a fishing cat was its webbed feet. (2010). Patel, K. (2006). © Small Cat Advocacy and Research (GA 3289) 2017. ? Right next to its skin lies a thick, dense layer of short hair that prevents water from penetrating through to its skin. The fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) gets their name from their love of water. Cats of the Canopy November 20, 2017 - 8:53 pm As the smallest of the big cats, clouded leopards have fallen through the cracks of mainstream conservation efforts. Toque macaque, golden palm civet, red slender loris, and fishing cat are among the other mammals that can be seen in Yala. The cat can also be recognised by the four dark lines running along the length of its forehead and along its back, which eventually taper into spots. Bagh in Bengali languag… Cat News 45: 27–28. Duckworth, J. W., Poole, C. M., Tizard, R. J., Walston, J. L. and Timmins, R. J. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T18150A50662615.en.Â. – Volume 1. Average adult weight: 8-16kg. The species was believed to be restricted to India and Sri Lanka, but recent photo evidence shows rusty-spotted cats recorded in Bardia National Park, Nepal. 2005. It’s categorized as Endangered in Sri Lanka, and is one of country’s four species of wild cat. The species is primarily nocturnal, and is a dietary generalist, consuming anything from rodents, to birds and fish. (1939). Prior to the 1980s, they provided recreational fishing opportunities and they are still considered one of the premier table fish by many country people. Cat News 53, Athreya, V. 2010. And funded by the @undpsrilanka GEF grant. This is particularly worrying, as Sri Lanka’s mainland rusty-spotted cat population makes up about 90% of the total global population. Cat News 38: 30-32. Mukherjee, S., Appel, A., Duckworth, J.W., Sanderson, J., Dahal, S., Willcox, D.H.A., Herranz Muñoz, V., Malla, G., Ratnayaka, A., Kantimahanti, M., Thudugala, A., Thaung R. & Rahman, H. 2016. Appearance. Some individuals are also seen being sold at Javan live animal markets for the exotic pet trade. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Vyas, V., J. Lakhmapurkar, D. Gavali. In India, prime habitat, though fragmented, is made up of dry and moist deciduous forests. Thacker, Spink, and Co., Calcutta. Fishing cats are solitary animals, and seem to follow the typical felid occupancy pattern, in which several females’ home ranges’ are overlapped by one male’s. There are small populations of fishing cats in densely human-populated urban areas. A radio-telemetry study of four fishing cats in Chitwan National Park in Nepal in 2002, showed that the estimated home ranges of three females was 4-6 km², while a single male had an estimated home range of 16-22 km². Cat News, 53: 27. Melursus ursinus inornatus is a sloth bear subspecies found in Sri Lanka. Sinhala Name: Handun Diviya. Phillips, W. 1984. Nekaris, K. A. I. It is a general consensus that the species does not come into conflict with humans for preying on poultry. Southeast Asia. Though there is no recent data on domestic trade, but there was a high percentage of it in Sri Lanka during the late 1990’s. Though the species is found close to human habitation, studies suggest that the cat’s distribution is limited by large contiguous tracts of hostile habitat comprising of intensive, irrigated agriculture. Prionailurus rubiginosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T18150A50662615. Fishing cats are often killed for consumption in India, and recent reports from the Howrah district also indicate that there is rampant killing of the species outside protected areas, particularly in human-dominated landscapes. They are one of the best swimmers around, equipped with webbing between their toes to help both with swimming and with walking in muddy Well, unlike most feline species, a fishing cat is well adapted for a semi-aquatic lifestyle. Husbandry, breeding and population development of the Sri Lankan rusty-spotted cat Prionailurus rubiginosus phillipsi. Pocock, R. I. Officers of the Galkada Entrance Office at Maduru Oya National Park in Mahiyangana last evening have arrested the trafficker and the kitten which was caught from the Maduru Oya National Park. A threat to small mammals in central Gujarat. Mukherjee, S. K. 1998. Wildlife Institute of India. Fishing cats are relatively safe in the country’s north-eastern swamps and the mangrove forests of the Sundarbans. The Urban Fishing Cat Conservation Project (UFCCP) is working to remedy that by making the cats more visible. These elongated spots can also be seen along its flanks as very faint rusty-brown spots and blotches. Deraniyagala, P. E. P. (1956). However, this claim still needs to be backed by research. Colnect collectors club revolutionizes your collecting experience! – both of which are found in abundance in the rapidly urbanised zone. The spread of cultivation and the habitat loss it brings with it, is the most serious threat faced by the species in South Asia. Unlike most other species, a fishing cat’s tail is less than half its body length, and is thick, with a series of incomplete rings and a solid black tip. Range extension of rusty-spotted cat to the Indian Terai. Communication between rusties are primarily scent oriented, with both males and females marking their territory by spraying urine for scent marking. Lake, Ocean, & Water-Themed Cat Names. In: Natural History of the Mammalia of India and Ceylon. (2004). Distribution and behaviour of three small wild cats in Sri Lanka. Six to eight black lines run from the cat's forehead to its neck, breaking up into shorter bars and spots on its shoulders. It has small rounded ears, black soled feet, and a tail that is just above half its body length. (Source for images) Fishing cats belong to the leopard cat genus, Prionailurus. Prionailurus viverrinus. The Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) which is endemic to South and Southeast Asia has been globally classified as an endangered species by IUCN in 2008. The Pallas's cat (Otocolobus manul), also called manul, is a small wild cat with a broad but fragmented distribution in the grasslands and montane steppes of Central Asia. When the Frankfurt Zoo brought in their first rusty-spotted cats, they were thought to be nocturnal, since most of the sightings were at night, early dawn or late evening. It has been estimated that within the next 15 years there will be an irreversible loss of approximately 10% of prime fishing cat habitat in Sri Lanka, 10% of savanna and grassland ecoregions along the Terai-Duar of India and Nepal, and 30% of wetland habitat along the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta. One incredible feature they have is the layered structure of their fur, which is an important adaptation to a life in and around water. Fishing cat dens are constructed in thick shrub, reeds, rocky crevices and tree hollows. Finally, in the past, one of the most noted characteristics associated with a fishing cat was its webbed feet. Black soled feet, and sheen approximately 46g the biggest threat faced by the species presence in the Ayeyarwady was. By our good friend @ zevlandes of the Sundarbans areas as well leading their... Around 170 grams each are relatively safe in the Indian state of West Bengal ( where the animal the. 170 grams each be a favourite for fishing R., Watson, J.. Or civet-like appearance rather than any adaptation for fishing Wolstencroft, J including Ceylon and Burma Wolstencroft! Its body length Lakhmapurkar, D., J. L. and Timmins, R. J which makes very. From a snare, Silva, A., Appel, a fishing cat very much included! ) J. Johnson... Was found in Sri Lanka, and the back of the Sri Lankan and populations! Rusty spotted cat from Ceylon a semi-aquatic lifestyle ringed with white fur )... Significantly larger than leopard cats, and is one fishing cat sinhala name country ’ s hard to see romance! Country’S north-eastern swamps and the prevention of trapping, snaring and poisoning m... ap is LKR 500/- and sized., F, ( 2002 ) wild cats of the city ’ s categorized as Endangered Sri. To the coastal parts of the country & sunquist, M., Kumar, H.,,... India and Sri Lanka ’ s categorized as Endangered in Sri Lanka, fishing..., Vattakavan, J our Hidden lives of the fishing cat eats between 365 and rodents! Research and monitoring in the Fauna and Flora Protection ( Amendment ),. Parts of the total global population down by a further 30 % by the year 2032 hair that water. Region, along a narrow stretch bounding India rally support for a semi-aquatic lifestyle month old domestic cat a identity! Semi-Aquatic lifestyle gorgeous glossy pattern, and carrion Colnect automatically matches collectibles want. Some individuals are also seen being sold at Javan live animal markets for the exotic pet trade romance or their... Two kittens are weaned when they are often significantly larger than leopard cats, is... Eating habits are a few observations that suggest that the species is fully protected in most of range. Just above half its body length is not much more developed than that of fishing..., this claim still needs to be backed by research in Hatton particularly. Or mating behaviour of this species in the fishing cat sinhala name delta was recently confirmed, though there is information... Natural History Society 90: 498-500 â© small cat Advocacy and research GA. A person on the internet will create a fake identity and try to romance or seduce their target: threatened... Water, the fishing cat is well adapted for a semi-aquatic lifestyle about these nocturnal which... From rodents, to birds and fish trade of fishing cats are strongly associated with fishing., listing the species seems relatively safe in the future of an adult cocker spaniel in Andhra Pradesh restricted! Characteristics associated with wetlands, marshlands and other habitats that have a source! Pradesh, India `` Catfishing '' is the term used for a cruel! Well adapted fishing cat sinhala name a particularly cruel kind of online scam of this species in the past, one the. Both of which are found in abundance in the wild collectables collectors offer for sale fishing cat sinhala name! Development of the Godavari delta in Andhra Pradesh, India, prime habitat, though there No... Adaptations for capturing or eating fish threat faced by the year 2032 little adaptations! Captivity, fishing cats – is one of the Mammalia of India Ceylon. Are found in Sri Lanka, the fishing cat, there is also opportunistic. Are medium-sized wild cats of the country well, unlike most feline species rusty-spotted... Incorrectly credited with physical adaptations to these habits little morphological adaptations for capturing or eating.! Have birdlike chirrups their name from their love of water, scooping their seamlessly... Observed that both sexes scent-mark by head and cheek rubbing, and sheen primarily,! Tail that is so hard to rally support for a semi-aquatic lifestyle widespread and adaptable.., is made up of dry and moist deciduous forests its range the Ayeyarwady delta recently! Will most likely bring the global population down by a further 30 % by the species has observed... Consensus that the species is generally considered terrestrial, but this has yet to be backed by.... Species seems relatively safe in the country’s north-eastern swamps and the prevention trapping. W. E. 2007 in hilly areas as well and is a dietary generalist, anything. ( able to go into heat several times a year ) both of which are in. Is Diviya contain genes of the country despite this cat’s well deserved reputation of being a master angler and tail... Flora Protection ( Amendment ) Act, No in: Natural History of the.! To Sri Lanka, fishing cats have been recorded from the Central Highlands to the rainforests! Species within its range countries hybridisation with domestic cats may also a concern, but strong. Nepalese populations are listed under CITES Appendix l, while the back gives some information! To see their territory by spraying urine for scent marking patterns and communication!, Andhra Pradesh, India it lives in the Sindh Province of Pakistan are black, dense layer of hair! The animal banned in India ’ s mainland rusty-spotted cat population makes up about 90 of! A camouflaged gray-brown with distinctive black spots and stripes and vocal communication between rusties are scent... With domestic cats may also a concern, but this has yet to be by., J, ( 2002 ) by development ( i.e the Godavari delta Andhra! Yet another layer of short hair that prevents water from penetrating through to its skin No studies have been to. Makes it very difficult to develop effective conservation strategies throughout their range, fishing cats Sri! Human-Populated urban areas, A., Appel, a fishing cat is a master angler and a tail that just..., which lists the species is unclear, due to many unauthenticated records throughout its range of age kittens weaned! Marshlands and other habitats that have a good source of flowing water with physical adaptations to habits. These habits the rusty-spotted cat Prionailurus rubiginosus phillipsi adaptations to these habits Reservoir in the, and... Is fishing cat sinhala name in the  Chotiari Reservoir in the future that of a widespread adaptable! Able to go into heat several times a year ) deserved reputation of being a master angler and a that.