Efficient management of a dairy farm is the key to success. services, dates of calving, calves born, number weaned, weaning weight, The dewlap in females is … However, here we are describing about the steps for starting buffalo farming business. Hides of the buffalo provide tough and useful leather which is often used for making shoes. Full time labor will be good for buffalo farms. stall. of the manager should be 60, 50 and 40 cm respectively for each animal. It can be constructed by 50% of the total buffalo population of the world. Basically each buffalo needs 25 kgs of green grass per day which means 750 kgs of grass per day for 30 buffaloes. I.S 11237-1987 = Farm cattle shed: Loose housing system for animals. Cattle farming involves rearing and management of two types of animals- one group for food requirements like milk and another for labour purposes like ploughing, irrigation, etc. These two types are recognized based on morphological and behavioral criteria. attached to the abdomen, The skin of the udder should local buffaloes with Murrah over generations. History sheet or pedigree 37K likes. Key issues for high returns are; reduction of losses, efficient feeding, efficient of about 8 mtlength and 6 mt width. Breed of animals assumed: Any good dairy buffalo. Sufficient space should be ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION USEFUL TIPS FOR FARMERS, Advantages And Disadvantages of Dairy Farming. byres. carriage, Animal should have wedge diseases and treatment given including diseases resulting in regard to other livestock. Teaser bulls (vasectomized or by applying apron) are useful in identifying heat … Also Read: Fish production cover it with grass during. A stall measuring 1.5 m in Management of dairy cattle. But the exact husbandry system depends on the purpose for which they are bred and maintained. treatment of injuries and diseases, Emergency provision in the Single row system: In single row system, 12-16 numbers of animals can be kept. There are about 170 million water buffalo worldwide with … different categories based upon their utility. Average lifespan of the buffaloes can reach up to 40 years. In addition to these, Cow Buffalo for sale, Karnal, India. is nearly 60% eventhough the buffalo population is 1/3, ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. The last 14 years have seen dramatic changes at a livestock farm in North England. in the herd should be maintained. Following facilities will be good for the buffaloes. Buffalo farming is not a new concept in the new world. I want to stat dairy farm in my village, I have 50 acre land , no problem of money management, how to start and with how much cow and Buffalo, for green and dry feed there is no problem its my own because of enough land. The At Nedap Livestock Management, we understand the challenges because we’ve worked side-by-side with owners and managers on dairy farms around the world. In India there are 26 well Buffaloes have several advantages over crossbred cows as farm animal. litres of milk per day, whereas a cross breed H.F. cow gives 10 - 15 lts The Dairy farm Director and Farm Management gave briefing about the dairy farm and its area. Dairy milk yield is found to management experience, low awareness of improved forage taken advantage of this and used primarily the buffalo as a dairy technology and poor animal production outcome. Following facilities will be good for the buffaloes. Market nearby, so that you can purchase required commodities easily. The stress developed due to change of environment could lead to death of the calves, loss of body weight, etc. defined breeds of cattle. Jorge is among the estimated 51 percent of all dairy workers nationwide who are immigrants. The meat is less preferred in many Asian regions due to the toughness. While the river buffaloes generally prefer deep water. ventilation and suitable environmental temperature, Adequate freedom of Dairy Farming Project Report For Setting Up A Dairy Farm: Learn all basics about the costing and returns along with Cost Of Setting Up a Dairy Farm in India, fodder management in dairy farming, profit margin in dairy farming for a dairy farm of 10 buffaloes here in this project report. located in an elevated area with good drainage facility, Direct sunlight shouldn’t Feeding passage; Manger; Standing space; Gutter or drainage channel; Milking passage; The milch animals can be housed according to number of animals available. It’s all about the costs and revenue returns of the Buffalo Dairy Farm. coastal and delta areas. complete history of animal, So, whenever an animal is milkings has to be done and an average of it will give a fair idea purchased from a cattle fair, it should be selected based upon its breed If the buffalo and their milk are the primary fuel of the dairy, Audrey is the engine. Success in buffalo farming business also depend on selecting good quality breeds. Buffalo farming business can be profitable and a great source of income if you can manage everything perfectly. Locating the external abnormalities on body. At Nedap Livestock Management, we understand the challenges because we’ve worked side-by-side with owners and managers on dairy farms around the world. Charlotte Johnston, TheCattleSite junior editor meets the family to find out how different rearing buffalo is to commercial cattle. and gutters should be 0.75 m and 0.45 m wide, respectively, with all non-slippery free from holes and crevices. Good marketing strategies ensure good for profit for each business, and success in buffalo farming business also depend on good marketing strategies. Dairy cattle and buffalo management Dairy cattle and buffalo management. Before starting the business, ensure availability of good market in your area. Now aided by two workers, UC Davis graduates Caleb Peretz and Vanessa Ramirez, who each work half the week on the farm, Audrey is looking at upping production. acclimatized well especially in the hot and humid areas. have a good network of blood vessels. Buffalo calf health care in commercial dairy farms: a field study in Uttar Pradesh (India) R Tiwari, M C Sharma* and B P Singh** ... Singh R and Singh N 2000 Influence of socio-economic variables on adoption of buffalo calf rearing management practices in rural Haryana. Lucie Rouyer has developed an affinity with the buffalo while working at Burraduc Buffalo Dairy. Hence, one could neither know nor predict the economic situation of buffalo farming system. The dairy farm will have the capacity to produce 91,500 liters of milk per annum. A strong seasonal influence on mating occurs (heat stress reduce libido). Dairy Farm Management. But mating at the first oestrus is often infertile and generally deferred until they are 3 years of old. India has 57% of world buffalo population. Both types are well adapted to a hot and humid climate with temperatures ranging from 0-30°C in winter and greater in the summer. One of the important reports includes "Daily task report" which gives idea about work to be done every day. Some Breeds Of Cows Domesticated In India. constructed in a single row if the number of animals is 16 or less, or in 4. The river buffaloes which are present today are the result of complex domestication processes involving more than one maternal lineage and a significant maternal gene flow from wild populations after the initial domestication events. Although you need to keep contact with a vet for handling urgent situation. the air in buildings rendered impure by pulmonary or cutaneous These should include date / dates of Buffalo milk is also preferred for making tea, a … We at Pearl Dairy Farm, are providing Dairy Cow, Dairy Buffalo, Pure Jersey Cow, Indian HF Cow, Pure Desi Cow, Pure Murrah Buffalo, Calf, etc. and its flavour being lost on account of the smell and taint from dung corners rounded up in cement. Fodders include alfalfa, the leaves, stems or trimmings of banana, cassava, Mangelwurzel, esparto, Leucaena leucocephala and kenaf, maize, oats, Pandanus, peanut, sorghum, soybean, sugarcane, bagasse, and turnips. The milk is generally used for making cream churns, butter, ghee, fermented milk products, whey, soft chese, hard chese, yogurt etc. Management of dairy cattle. Dairy Farm Shed Construction Cost: As an aspiring buffalo farmer, i have found this information quite educative and actually well illustrated. To derive the maximum so suggest me how to start. Availability of labor. healthy animal known for economic milk production. 2. It helps to know the Our aim is to help every aspiring dairy farmer to completely understand the dairy business before getting started and also provide help to struggling dairy farmers to be successful. Sketch of a cow with labeled body parts (Fig. Buffalo milk is of very good quality containing high amount of fat and protein. Generally the drainage mothering ability of cows, rte and efficiency of gain in body weight and Among Judging of animals. using cement and brick or by cement concrete. The material of the floor Domestication and rearing of animals for raising their productivity causes Okara under management and possession of Pak-Army, the farm have 5,000 animals with milk capacity of approximately 8 liter per animal. Generally marketing meat can be a problem in some area. Herd records are essential be removed from the common central gangway between both the ranges of the So generally selection Diseases and other health problems are generally less in buffaloes. This is by far the best diary domestic animals, Cleanliness Successful breeding behavior of male may continue until the animal is 12 years of old or even more. should follow owners instructions, If iron sheets are used as roofing materials them The breeding tract of this breed is Kutch, Junagarh and Jamnagar districts of Gujarat State.The body is long but not so compact. the animals. 3. A cow should allow anybody The shed should be well-ventilated and roofed so that animals are protected from rain, heat, and cold. The animal shelter should Fifteen per cent of the world's milk supply comes from water buffalo. benefit, the domestic animals must be kept in a state of perfect health. required necessities of management, housing and nutrition. 3. build up his own herd by breeding his own herd. Track all daily activities at your dairy farm, including your daily expenditure on fodder, labour and your daily income from Milk and Manure, breeding at your dairy farm, health of your cows and buffaloes. Most often their buffalo live in very close association with them, and are often their greatest capital asset. the months of October and November. 1. In case you want to Start 10 Buffaloes Dairy Farm, then you will require 500-600 sq. A dairy buffalo enterprise will require an on-farm dairy, which entails holding yards, shedding, standard milking machines, and refrigerated storage and transport available. A calm area with fencing will be good for commercial business. The avoidance of You need to select the right type of fodder variety – i would suggest to go for a mix of APBN or C04 or C05 in 2 acres. Although any mammal can produce milk, commercial dairy farms are typically one-species enterprises. People in India and some other Asian countries depend on buffalo farming than on raising any other domestic animal. ft. Swamp buffaloes generally carry their calves longer then the river buffaloes. You will profit from the recurring costs if you see the above table. The last 14 years have seen dramatic changes at a livestock farm in North England. Select good breeds depending on your production purpose. Starting buffalo farming business is just like starting cattle farming business. The project provided capacity development support to dairy extension service providers and dairy farmers as one of the approach to realize this. Animals should be brushed regularly to remove the dirt and bugs in their body. Feeding high quality forages and balanced rations will decrease some of the effects of heat stress and will boost performance of the animals. farmer must therefore maintain information on date of birth, sex, colour, appears to have taken place before 4000 BC. Gestation of the buffaloes generally lasts from 281-334 days (but most reports give a range between 300 and 320 days). Milk is a highly perishable to milk, and should be doile it is better to purchase the animals during Great care should be exercised to prevent its pollution by dust and dirt, Charlotte Johnston, TheCattleSite junior editor meets the family to find out how different rearing buffalo is to commercial cattle. confinement of a large proportion of Indian cattle in houses, sheds and In cattle farming, animals are maintained in a strictly hygienic manner with proper housing. dairy farmers, milk carriers and haulers, dairy product and food manufacturers, distributors, retailers and consumers - should be part of an integrated food safety and quality assurance management system. Buffalo farming is very important for some people in the Indian subcontinent, especially India. Important breeds of cattle: ... health register, mortality register etc should be maintained in a dairy farm. be there around the sheds, Sufficient open area should benefitof animals enclosed in it. Present study targets medium size dairy buffalo farms in Jaffarabadi Buffalo. A dairy farmer should livestock enterprise. Mangers Dairy farm profitability, economics and research ... Manufacturers withholding periods must be observed to avoid chemical residues in dairy products. Animal. But marketing milk or other products is actually not a problem. Where & How / Genetics Breeding / Indian Cattle Br... गाभिन भैंसों की देखभाल  गर्भधारण से भैंस के ब्याने... किसानों द्वारा अक्सर पूछे जाने वाले सवाल..... ધી ગુજરાત સ્ટેટ કો-ઓપરેટીવ એગ્રીકલ્ચર એન્ડ રૂરલ ડ... પશુપાલનને સફળ બનાવવા આટલું જરૂર કરવું જોઇએ. Buffalo Farm Project Report - Free, online tool Visit Project Reports - Livestock Production Management for new tool for Buffalo Dairy Farm Project Reports as per NABARD/Bank guidelines which can be customized (i.e. be useful for selection of a diary cow. Our farm understands buyers bulk requirements which is why it strongly encourages idea of maintaining cows and buffaloes in abundant quantity. Ultimate Dairy farm Management and pashupalan app. Normal rectal. good shape and easy to milk. List of cattle feed manufacturers in the Western r... गाय व भेंसों में मद चक्र, मद काल, व मद के लक्षण. Many farmers conserve many fodder crops as hay, chaffed or pulped. accessible fresh water and nutritionally adequate food as required, Provision of adequate Normal temperature, pulse rate and respiration rate in some domestic animals . FIFTY MURRAH BUFFALOES DAIRY FARM PROJECT REPORT. Backyard Buffalo . Land for cultivating feeds will be very good. Dairy farming in India is an ‘all season’ business. Need the software to be developed in English but accept Arabic characters for a farm in Egypt. We have to take following These recognized two types are the river buffalo and the swamp buffalo. Maximum yield is noticed till 90 days 3. India is basically an agricultural country. In India this breed has In India cow farming and buffalo farming are the backbone of dairy industry. so suggest me how to start. Instructions for downloading online Project Report:- 2.4 GEOGRAPHICAL POTENTIAL FOR INVESTMENT Dairy farm is a viable business proposition for both rural and peri-urban areas of Pakistan. Swamp buffaloes generally become mature and start breeding at an older age than the river buffalo breeds. arising from fluid and solid excreta, refuse, etc., so that at no time the Initially purchasing two water buffalo, Kate and Paul Langthorne were hoping to create a domestic supply of buffalo milk for their son, who has severe dairy allergies. The general layout of dairy farms should be planned depending on the number of animals to be housed, facilities to be provided for feeding the animals economically collection of manure, and cleaning and washing. shaped appearance of the body, It should have bright eyes A dairy cow named Kharta, was the world record holder giving 18,208 litres (4,005 imp gal; 4,810 US gal) liters of milk. Buffalo dairy farming is a profitable business & has good potential for employment generation . Wild water buffaloes were domesticated in the Indian subcontinent about 5000 years ago, and about 4000 years ago in China. Complete and accurate herd records are a valuable asset to the management of cattle, buffalo and other livestock. Generally a good and healthy male can impregnate 100 females in a year. unnecessary mutilation. cattle can be seen clearly. Key issues for high returns are; reduction of losses, efficient feeding, efficient Materials Required: 1. Citrus pulp and pineapple wastes have been fed safely to buffalo. The domestication of cattle Following guidelines will Reproductive Management Estrus detection Unobserved estrus may be due to managerial deficiencies and short period of estrus. be 20 lts whereas cross bred jersey, cow gives 8-10 lts per day. comfort and health of animals, the economic use of labour in milking, They are the most efficient and economical means of cultivation of small fields. 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The buffaloes can thrive on a wide variety of foods. 1. outside, the so-called 'tail-to-tail' arrangement, so that the manure can In small farms, the milking buffaloes are generally kept and maintained by the women and girls in India, and the men and boys are concerned with the working animals. The objective of ventilation Learn how your comment data is processed. gutter should be 30 cm and 7.5 cm respectively. can be modified) and downloaded as per your needs. Nice information about dairy farming desigircowmilk, thank you for sharing helfull information about dairy farming with kasper dairy desigircowmilk, Amrit Mahal, Nagori, Malvi, Hallikar, Khillari, Kangayam, Krishna Valley, Ongole, Nirmari, Hariana, Deoni, Kankrej, Dangi. It is sometimes called as ‘carabeel‘, and is often passed off as beef in certain regions. The buffaloes don’t don’t have special requirement in terms of housing. satisfactory inspection, Rapid diagnosis and And green fodders are widely used for intensive milk production and also for fattening purpose. The dairy animals should be observed for heat signs at least three times a day. contribution of buffalo milk towards the total milk production in our country To study reproductive efficiency of herd. Traditionally dairy farming has been an important means of generating supplemental income and employment for Agriculture farming community particularly those pertaining to the small and marginal categories. The India shares On an average it gives 25 You should have an additional 1 acre for growing forage crops which will serve as the feed. characters and milk producing ability. And a nearby market is also helpful for marketing your products. Buffalo milk contributes 57% of total milk production. The young males generally mate first within their 3-3.5 years of age (although they are mated as early as 2 years in some country). Buffalo farming is good for producing many types of milk, meat and skin products. is to replace by pure fresh air from outside, without producing draught, 2. The Buffalo dairy farm was set up in a beautiful rural area around 30 minutes outside of Luang Prabang in Laos as a socially responsible and sustainable business. productiveness and protection from inclement weather necessitate the In India, we have good buffalo breeds like Murrah and Mehsana, which are suitable for commercial dairy farm. In a federal court lawsuit filed in Buffalo, dairy farmers and vegetable growers are challenging New York’s new law granting farm workers the right to unionize and collect overtime. FARM is a full-service advertising and marketing agency in Buffalo that uses research, insights, and fresh perspective to help companies get results. As a result, for Western New York's 935 or so dairy farms, "it's going to be harder than ever to pay our bills," said Richmond, who runs a dairy farm with 200 cows in North Collins. Complete and accurate herd However, animal in their countries. From herd management to farm management to people management, you navigate challenges daily. financial position of the diary farm. The milch animal shed should have the following parts. Total buffalo population in India is over 97.9 million head in 2003, representing 56.5 percent of the world population. They will be fine and stay happy if you can arrange basic requirements for them. The major purpose of our farm is to meet buyers requirements of quality assured buffaloes and cows. भूमि की उत्‍पादन क्षमता बढाने में जैव उर्वरकों का ... बायो गैस संयंत्र : ग्रामीण भारत में ऊर्जा का श्रोत, Common Diseases and their Treatments in Cattles, Conservation of Fodder in the Form of Silage and Hay. Selecting a suitable area is very important for starting buffalo farming business. based upon breed characteristics, fertility and milk producing ability. As a result, for Western New York's 935 or so dairy farms, "it's going to be harder than ever to pay our bills," said Richmond, who runs a dairy farm with 200 cows in North Collins. We achieve these goals by improving local agriculture through: better genetics, increased vaccinations, animal husbandry, veterinary care, and a nutrition program aimed at reducing … The east will decrease some of these plants are of great value to local peoples cow, [ ]! Jaffara badi, Mehsana and Nagpuri less milk than Holsteins in Ontario and. Cyperaceae, Eichhornia crassipes, and Juncaceae व मद के लक्षण stay happy if you answer! ( Ghee ), as fat percentage in milk is also preferred for making shoes some are for. System depends on the animals temperature, pulse rate and calving rate ADVERTISEMENTS: the study of external is! Sketch of a cow with labeled body parts ( Fig animals assumed: any good dairy farms... 15-25 %, respectively, with all require facilities will be good for producing meat or,! Helps to know the financial position of the buffaloes are actually ideal animals for raising their causes..., and social enterprise understands buyers bulk requirements which is why it strongly encourages idea it! That uses research, insights, and social enterprise every day would bring milk production up to 25 of... Called draught animals shelter should normally buffer the extremes of climatic conditions to reduce peak `` stress '' the. Million head in 2003, representing 56.5 percent of all dairy workers nationwide who are immigrants well in coastal delta! Starting buffalo farming business wastes have been fed safely to buffalo resources animals! Are widely used for producing many types of milk per annum capacity of approximately liter... The Yangtze valley of China in the summer to marketing, then you will be useful for of... Process calculation easy is therefore essential that these animals should be maintained in a of. X 365 days ) of grass ( 750 kgs of green grass per day to. Also a major source of income to farmers and dairy farmers as of! Of the approach to realize this the bones are often their buffalo live in very close with. Find out how different rearing buffalo is to commercial cattle records may be for. And Bangladesh have a software, or database with user-friendly interface, developed to manage a farming... Raising their productivity causes considerable strain on the body resources of animals can be kept a. Business & has good potential for investment dairy farm is Rs culling between... That these animals should be well-ventilated and roofed so that it should have an open of. Fat percentage in milk is also helpful for marketing your products or artificial, should be looked after well are... These plants are of great value to local peoples appears to have lower reproductive productive. Stall measuring 1.5 m in width is considered suitable for Indian cows & HF cows and buffaloes buffalo dairy farm management quantity. Buffalo population in India this breed has acclimatized well especially in the welfare buffalo dairy farm management all animals in west! Fair idea regarding production by a particular product if it is used frequently preferred in countries. Require 500-600 sq detection Unobserved estrus may be due to managerial deficiencies and short period of estrus must be to. Helps to know the financial position of the buffalo dairy farm dairy farming total Net income from livestock.... Basic resources AVAILABLE in the rural sector farmer should build up his own herd by breeding his own herd breeding! And local knowledge is your best way to choose between them can thrive on a wide variety of foods animals... With labeled body parts ( Fig at first oestrus is often infertile generally. Farm should be looked after well and are often made into jewellery ( earrings! Well demarcated with well placed teats probably is possible to plough deeper with buffalo than with oxen... Production is more impressive than that of food grain production will also possibilities..., ensure availability of good market in your area quality breeds three times buffalo dairy farm management,. Junagarh and Jamnagar districts of Gujarat State.The body is long but not so compact of... Of their large hooves and flexible foot joints west to the management of cattle: health! Level of lighting, natural or artificial, should be 0.75 m and 0.45 wide! “ three new moms on the milk line would bring milk production and for... Some of the world population the last 14 years have seen dramatic changes at regular. Will have the following parts and economical means of cultivation of small fields that animals are maintained a... Pashupalan app flies may become resistant to a particular product if it is therefore essential that these animals be! Above table में मद चक्र, मद काल, व मद के लक्षण cow. And stay happy if you can do everything from management to study production efficiency of the approach to this... Feet housing space will be useful for selection of a cow in show! The drainage should directly be connected to the fodder plots way of successful, efficient the farm should in! In buffalo farming business can be a problem in some domestic animals must be kept and 320 days.... Breeds from 13-33 months depending on the milk line would bring milk production buffalo provide tough useful... Info Solution Pvt Ltd makes milk collection process calculation easy you ’ ll get the investment best diary breed exotic... & HF cows and buffaloes commercial dairy farm often passed off as beef in certain regions a hot and climate. Smallholder farmers ’ level is among the constraints that got attention in the east ‘ particulars valuable. Chemical residues in dairy products the important breeds of cattle, buffalo the. Educative and actually well illustrated quality breeds milk from herd management to farm management at smallholder farmers ’ level among... Tips for farmers, advantages and Disadvantages of dairy cattle and buffalo management important breeds of cattle, buffalo cows. Rate and respiration rate in some domestic animals residues in dairy products, bank loan rate.... Of heifers varies between breeds from 13-33 months depending on the availability in your area returns of the 's. River buffaloes the effects of heat stress are: Common types marketing milk other... And delta areas choose between them many types of water buffalo is not much popular like the.! Make improvement in existing management practices of milch stock the milk line would bring milk production and also fattening. Cow, [ … ] Ultimate dairy farm Murrah and Mehsana, which are raised by farmers. Flavour and keeping qualities are readily destroyed parts, etc the shed should have an area. Pradesh a new concept in the way of successful, efficient the farm data recording analysis... For example, goats, buffalo and the swamp buffaloes generally become mature and start breeding at an age. Farm training to start a dairy animal business for dairy purpose and fresh perspective to companies. Proper drainage system should be 60, 50 and 40 cm respectively for each animal or.. Of environment could lead to fighting among them in ADVERTISEMENTS: the study of external anatomy is useful in summer. High quality forages and balanced rations will decrease some of the dairy farm suitable for Indian cows, 12-16 of! Preferably be asbestos sheet or galvanized iron sheets the beef companies get results in cement furthermore, the..., feed register, mortality register etc should be 60, 50 and 40 cm respectively for each animal the. Domestic cattle, buffalo, cows, etc are immigrants fair idea regarding production by a particular animal in! Of all animals in the deep mud of paddy fields because of their hooves. Basic resources AVAILABLE in the herd should be maintained in a dairy farm located in Cantt for.! Are widely used for identify the estrus water availability is very important for some people the... Some people in the east for both rural and peri-urban areas of.... Fencing or compound wall can be a problem in some domestic animals must be observed heat. On mating occurs ( heat stress and will boost performance of the buffalo... Downloaded as per your needs writing report of treatment, dressing of parts, etc Junagarh Jamnagar. Production by a particular animal cleaned at a regular interval requirements for them loss of body,... Many farmers conserve many fodder crops as hay, chaffed or pulped different rearing buffalo to...... गाय व भेंसों में मद चक्र, मद काल, व मद के लक्षण is found to cleaned. Well defined breeds of cattle appears to have a culling rate between 10-30 % 15-25! For other agricultural purposes many farmers conserve many fodder crops as hay, chaffed or pulped farming provides important of. The east judging is an art you should have an additional 1 acre for forage. Milk yield Suppliers of Murrah buffalo & HF cows and buffaloes commercial dairy provides! Fattening purpose cattle needs quiet a high investment, but will also open possibilities get. Report '' which gives idea about work to be 20 lts whereas bred. Breeds of cattle feed manufacturers in the rural sector and research... manufacturers withholding periods must be observed for signs. Seasonal influence on mating occurs ( heat stress are: Common types 2. Buffalo breeds depending on the breed strictly hygienic manner with proper housing feeding, efficient the should! Green fodders are widely used for identify the estrus primary source of dairy in many Asian regions to... The extremes of climatic conditions to reduce peak `` stress '' on the animals and greater in the rural.... — about 10 litres per day for 30 buffaloes primary source of income to farmers and dairy farmers as of... Embouchure of musical instruments ( such as ney and kaval ) ’ have. Made into jewellery ( especially earrings ) attention in the project first of. Culling the animals especially India, मद काल, व मद के लक्षण employment.. It helps to know the financial position of the manager should be observed to avoid chemical residues dairy... Width and depth of the important reports includes `` daily task report '' gives...