Click word study of dunamis. We will come and make our abode." Hupostasis is used 19 times in the Septuagint (LXX) and 5 times in the NT…. Now Christ, our great High Priest, having, once for all, offered Himself as the sacrifice for sin, has now gone into the most holy place, and there He sits on the right hand of the Majesty on high. Marvin Vincent paraphrases this verse as “be associated with Me in My royal dignity.". Watch Jesus. It is only befitting, then, that the unsinning sons of light should worship him; and as we hear the command issued, "Let all the angels of God worship him," we are still further impressed by the immense distance between their nature and his. Paul concurs that Jesus "is the image of the invisible God" (see note Col 1:15). The saints, at present, are heirs, not yet come into possession. In the Old Testament the priests had to make sacrifices day after day and year after year not only for the purification of the people but also for themselves. Hebrews 1:3 tells us that it is Jesus who upholds all things by the word of His power. You shall find all this in the person of the God-man, Christ Jesus. Of course, we are talking figuratively now, and you must not interpret this literally. What an awesome truth that the whole universe hangs on the word of Christ for its moment by moment existence! Audio and manuscripts are available for each lesson. We are not, therefore, surprised to find the early Church applying it to Christ (Acts 4:25). It focuses upon the content of the communication. And thus he was able to say, "He that bath seen me hath seen the Father." It came to denote essence, substance or the inner nature and as discussed below is used with that meaning in here in Hebrews 1:3. Stated another way hupostasis is that which underlies the apparent and which therefore is the reality, the essence or the substance. No, God is the personal power who created everything out of nothing, including the stars (Genesis 1; Isaiah 40:26); who divided the Red Sea and delivered the Israelites from Egyptian bondage (Exodus 14:21, 22); who brought to pass the virgin birth of Jesus (Luke 1:34, 35); and who raised Him from the dead and conquered death (2Timothy 1:10). The impression which Jesus of Nazareth left on all who knew him was that of his extreme humility; but here was a point in which he could not abate one jot or tittle of his claims, lest he should be false to his knowledge of himself, and to the repeated voice of God. They cannot be separated. In 2 Pet. Reprinted by permission. Hupostasis is setting under and thus describes a support, a confidence, a steadiness, a foundation (refers to ground on which something is built = e.g., the foundation of things for which we hope in Heb 11:1 [note]). When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high. Hebrews Commentary James Rosscup - This dispensationally oriented work is not verse-by-verse, but deals with the exposition on a broader scale, treating blocks of thought within the chapters. Ex 30:10 “And Aaron shall make atonement on its horns once a year (Yom Kippur); he shall make atonement on it with the blood of the sin offering of atonement (Lxx = "the blood of purification" = katharismos) once a year throughout your generations. In beholding the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Lord Jesus Christ, we behold the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Father, John 14:7; the fulness of the Godhead dwells, not typically, or in a figure, but really, in him. Commentary on Hebrews 3:7-13 (Read Hebrews 3:7-13) Days of temptation are often days of provocation. I'll see you in heaven and we can share stories of this truth that transformed our "fiery furnace" of complaints and doubts into a "fragrant altar" for offering worship! It is declared how Christ was qualified for the office of Mediator, and how he was confirmed in it: he has the name Messiah from his being anointed. Note He did not ask them as He had His disciples "Who do you say that I am" Mt 16:15 for the Pharisees were neither sympathetic or honest in their assessment of His credentials) They said to Him, “The son of David.” (the Pharisees knew that the Messiah must come from the line of David as His "son" and no doubt they could have quoted several OT passages to support their answer as eg 2Sa 7:12-13) He said to them (and in Jesus' second question He quotes Ps110:1 which every orthodox Jewish scholar interpreted as a reference to the Messiah. In N. T., 2Cor. God spake to his ancient people at sundry times, through successive generations, and in divers manners, as he thought proper; sometimes by personal directions, sometimes by dreams, sometimes by visions, sometimes by Divine influences on the minds of the prophets. The LORD (Jehovah) says to my Lord (Adonai): "Sit at My right hand, Until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet. 3 He reflects the glory of God and bears the very stamp of his nature, upholding the universe by his word of power. The use of Majesty as a title for God may be rendered in some languages as `the one who is truly great' or ` truly important. So, when the writer to the Hebrews said that Jesus was the charakter (Greek #5481) of the being of God, he meant that he was the exact image of God. And let us own and honour him as God; for if he had not been God, he had never done the Mediator's work, and had never worn the Mediator's crown. (v) To Jesus belongs the redemptive work. Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. —Better, having become. Hebrews 3:1-6 commentary … This great world of ours is upheld by Christ’s word. In summary, the radiance of His glory speaks of Jesus' oneness or identity with God the Father whereas the exact representation of His nature speaks of Jesus' distinctness and thus of the plurality of the Godhead. But Christ came and purged them. C. J. Vaughan has pointed out that this passage tells us six great things about Jesus: (i) The original glory of God belongs to him. His saints securely dwell; The writer to the Hebrews said that Jesus, who made the world, upholds “all things by the word of His power” (Heb 1:3). The rays of the sun however are an extension of the sun. All rights reserved, Believer's Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson. (see note Hebrews 4:16). Selah. Charakter is a die made by an impress, like on a signet ring, the impression being identical although they are two separate entities. We hear our Master saying again the old, deep, mysterious words: "I and my Father are one. The fact remains that even in the painful times, He is in control. That not one life shall be destroy'd. So too we see God the Father by seeing Jesus for they are one God. AND UPHOLDS ALL THINGS BY THE WORD OF HIS POWER: pherôn (PAP) te ta panta tôi rhêmati tês dunameôs autou: bearing up also the all things by the saying of his might (YLT), sustaining all the [things] by the word of His power (ALT), supporting all things by the word of his power (BBE), He holds everything together with his powerful word (ICB), sustaining, guiding, and propelling all things by the word of His power (Wuest), He regulates the universe by the mighty power of his command (TLB), He sustains the universe by the mighty power of His command (NLT), He holds everything together through his powerful words (GWT), upholding and maintaining and guiding and propelling the universe by His mighty word of power (Amp), sustains the universe with His word of power (Moffatt), bearing up all things by the utterance of His power (Rotherham), the utterance of Divine power (Pulpit Commentary). Each of us must walk in the light we have. The Father delights to honor Him. Now that He has come, they gladly retire from view." But we may reverently accept the fact, so repeatedly emphasized, that Jesus is "the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father" (John i. i8). In Hebrews 3, Paul admonishes us to hold fast to what Jesus taught us (see also Revelation 3:11). In Thy right hand there are pleasures forever." Notice that this implies rest. 30:10; Job 7:21). (Lk 1:37ASV, Lk 1:37KJV), An illustration of this principle is found in Romans where Paul explains that, the gospel… is the power (dunamis) of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek." Christ at the right hand of God signifies the eternal certainty of His reward. (Complete Word Study Dictionary: New Testament), The import of the use of the word katharismos would not be lost on the first century Jewish readers, who would be familiar with the cleansing ritual on the Day of Atonement (see use in Ex 30:10 below) as described in Leviticus 16 (Lev 16:29+) which concludes with the statement that "on this day that atonement shall be made for you to cleanse (or purify) (LXX uses katharizo the root of katharismos) you You shall be clean (LXX = katharizo ) from all your sins before the LORD. Ex 29:36 “And each day you shall offer a bull as a sin offering for atonement, and you shall purify (Lxx = katharismos) the altar when you make atonement for it; and you shall anoint it to consecrate it. Then I will take My hand away and you shall see My back, but My face shall not be seen." They that will not yield to Him shall be broken with a rod of iron; He shall dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel. HE SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF THE MAJESTY ON HIGH: ekathisen (3SAAI) en dexia tes megalosunes en hupselois: sat down at the right hand of the greatness in the highest (YLT), Then he sat down at the right side of God, the Great One in heaven (ICB), then sat down in highest honor beside the great God of heaven (TLB), He sat down in the place of honor at the right hand of the majestic God of heaven. Think of it. They themselves faced savage persecution and were the humblest of people. God’s Word says it is so. God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son,. In order to create the universe, He only had to speak. This 59 part expository study of Hebrews was preached at Flagstaff Christian Fellowship in 2003-05. His dignity is still further elaborated in the words which follow. (Ps 75:3). Hughes remarks that this "thought is utterly sublime but true—this glorious Cosmic Being at the apex of His splendor is praying for you and me! 1:9, it refers to the actual purification accomplished in man, while in Heb. It is not preceded by the definite article, which makes the term highly descriptive of character or nature. David records a remarkable conversation between two Persons of the Godhead. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Spurgeon - Shade your eyes, for you cannot look upon this wondrous sight without being dazzled by it. These early Christians had a tremendous grip of the doctrine of providence. They were quite certain that God's love was backed by his power and that in the end the kingdoms of the world would be the kingdoms of the Lord and of his Christ. And yet they never doubted the eventual victory. Christ shall go on conquering and to conquer. But, as he used the words, they meant infinitely more of himself than they could ever mean of man, however saintly or childlike. Katharismos is used in the Septuagint of the ritual cleansing of lepers (Lev 14:2; Ex 29:36), and of the ritual cleansing of sins by means of blood (Ex 30:10; Nu 14:18). (see note Romans 8:34). To a Jews, the description of Christ at God’s right hand would be more persuasive as a symbol of Christ’s authority and power than even the Resurrection. the very imprint of his being, and who sustains all things by his mighty word. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 1 and more! Today that same son is genuinely born again and sober and productive and still married to his first wife. This transcendent (meaning being beyond our ability to comprehend) idea is conveyed by two metaphorical expressions. Glory (1391) (doxa from dokeo = to think) means to give a proper opinion or estimate of something and thus the glory of God expresses all that He is in His Being and in His nature, character, power and acts. Go, for I am too old to have a husband. Katharismos - 7x in 7v - NAS = cleansing(2), purification(5). The old fable speaks of the Augean stables, foul enough to have poisoned a nation, which Hercules cleansed—but our sins were fouler than that. a charge against one (Mt 27:14 Jesus "did not answer him with regard to even a single charge" - rhema), a message (Ro 10:8 "But what does it say? This is why Jesus spoke these words to Caiaphas just prior to his death and resurrection that hereafter he would, see THE SON OF MAN SITTING AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER, and COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF HEAVEN. We also need Jesus Christ as our Savior from sin and as Lord of our everyday lives. They were thinking of a Galilaean carpenter who was crucified as a criminal on a cross on a hill outside the city of Jerusalem. 3 By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible. We see the sun by means of seeing the rays of the sun. He is THE BEAM OF THE DIVINE GLORY, for so might the word translated effulgence be rendered. ), The writer of Hebrews obviously considers this teaching about the position of Christ Jesus our Great High Priest at the right hand of His Father as very important for he records this truth four times, at the beginning, in the middle and toward the end of his epistle…, Hebrews 1:3 And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. also Arno C. Gaebelein, Gaebelein’s Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible (I Volume, Neptune, NJ: Loizeaux, 1985), the Annotated Bible revised. —Doddridge God has many sons, but only one Son. He is, therefore, superior to angels (Heb 1:4).-Lofty as was the esteem in which Hebrew believers had been wont to hold those bright and blessed spirits, they were not for a moment to be compared with him whose majestic claims are the theme of these glowing words. AND HE IS THE RADIANCE OF HIS GLORY: hos on (PAPMSN) apaugasma tes doxes: the Son reflects (see discussion below) the glory of God (ICB), being [the] outshining of His glory (ALT), God’s Son shines out with God’s glory (TLB), He is the sole expression of the glory of God [the Light-being, the out-raying or radiance of the divine] (Amp). They believed, "That nothing walks with aimless feet; After he died to cleanse us from the stain of sin (NLT), After achieving forgiveness for human sins (TEV), When He had by offering Himself accomplished our cleansing of sins and riddance of guilt (Amp), As Matthew Henry so eloquently puts it "From the glory of the person of Christ he proceeds to mention the glory of his grace.". It was his right. For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled, sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse (or "purify" - katharizo) your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? Etymologically it is the sediment or foundation under a building (for instance). In a philosophical sense, substantial nature; the real nature of anything which underlies and supports its outward form and properties. (Compare to) But Mary treasured up all these things (rhema), pondering them in her heart. Poieo is aorist tense which indicates a once-for-all-time, past completed and effective action (cf Christ's triumphant cry from the Cross "It is finished" Jn 19:30). Do we worship him enough? Christ's seated position at right hand of God, a place of privileged honor, is mentioned 5x in Hebrews clearly making it a key phrase (click Heb 1:3) the author wants his readers to fully comprehend. Zondervan Publishing, Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. In Ruth 1:12 ("Return, my daughters! Probably composed on some marked episode in the reign of David, there is a glow, a sublimity, in the diction which no earthly monarch could exhaust. In Mt 22:41-46 Jesus specifically applies Ps 110:1 to Himself. But, on his forehead, the high priest wore a golden plate, upon which was deeply engraved, in Hebrew letters, the inscription, “Holiness to [or of] Yahweh.” Dr. Owen thinks there is a reference, in this “representation of his essence”—this cut-out inscription of God, as it were—to that which was on the forehead of the high priest, and which represented the glorious wholeness or holiness of Yahweh, which is His great glory. It can mean either reflected brightness, refulgence (Calvin, Thayer) or effulgence as the Greek fathers hold. It has force. ", Choose Book of Bible to StudyGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SolomonIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Search Wikipedia using spiritual discretion, Expositor's Bible Commentary. The word of His power -- In other words Christ's spoken word is that by which the Son's power is manifest (click for one manifestation of this power!). The opening affirmation in verse 1 that God spoke through the prophets is important. Coextensive with God, of the same nature as God; thus is Jesus Christ. 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