The difference between the Pharisee and the Tax Collector is that the Pharisee judges others while the Tax Collector judges himself. Turning to God’s mercy alone does not mean turning to some vague idea of a forgiving deity. Your gift enables our worldwide outreach. The tax collector is humble. To resist the Pharisee temptation is to be countercultural. The Tax Collector was not guilty of legalism, hypocrisy and self-righteousness but he may well have been greedy, dishonest, self-indulgent and undisciplined. The Pharisee believed that his own works would justify him, while the tax collector realized that he was a sinner and that his only hope was in God’s mercy. Besides boasting to God, the other glaring fault in the prayer of the Pharisee is that he adversely judges his neighbor. 11–12). Jewish men and women saw them as particularly holy, because they focused so intently on the minutiae of the Mosaic law that their outward manner of life was noticeably different from that of the common person. He responds to us when we pray in humility and faith that we need him in our lives. So Jesus begins this story. Jared Dees is passionate about sharing practical resources to teach faith. Certainly, the concern to know and keep the law of God is commendable. It is a deadly proposition for sinners, for no sinner can keep God’s law perfectly. The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: God, I thank you that I am not like other men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector (:11). The tax collector was a despised and questionable figure in Jewish society. The Pharisee did not really go to pray but to inform God how good he was. He was very strict in his lifestyle and was often self-righteous and critical of others. Pharisee And Publican Parable Setting. (The Pharisee bragged and looked down on others. A church member writes: "In Luke. The tax collector was standing far from the Pharisee. The Pharisee compared himself with other men, and failed to see his need, but the Tax Collector compared himself with God, and saw how poor and needy he was. The tax collector is humble. The Pharisee in Jesus’ parable erred because He did not understand God’s standard for righteousness. Paul understood this. The Pharisee was a respected, religious member of the covenant community. Pharisees were the teachers of Israel. As you read this story, pay attention to the difference between the way these two men speak to God in prayer. Conclusion. Since I am preaching on this parable this weekend at Rush Creek, I have been reading quite a bit on Luke 18 lately. The Lord does not grade on a curve. He’s viewed as a model of religious devotion. Jesus told his disciples a parable about two men who went up to the Temple to pray. The only real difference between him and the Pharisee was that he knew he was a sinner and that his only hope of … The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector. 5. The reason that’s important to understand is because in the parable, Jesus is setting up a contrast between a Pharisee and a tax collector. The tax collectors, on the other hand, followed another law entirely -- the law of the Roman oppressors. The parable stresses the difference between the attitude of the tax collector and the Pharisee. They worked on a tax farming system. So conscious was the Tax Collector of his sinfulness and unworthiness that “ he would not even look up to heaven…” Look up Psalm 40:12, and compare Psalm 51:9. Each short and simple story is written to help you teach children ages 6-12 the most important lessons of the Christian life from Sacred Scripture. The twist in the parable… The other man was a tax collector. Jesus told his disciples a parable about two men who went up to the Temple to pray. Another man, with a job and lifestyle that everyone else despises. Jesus makes a clear contrast between two men, a Pharisee and a tax collector. Furthermore, they often were found in His company (Matthew 9:10; Mark 2:15; Luke 5:29). * " Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. The Pharisees, on the other hand, were almost universally respected by the Jews because of their devotion to the law of God. See all of Jared's Books →, « The One and Only Ivan Reflection Questions, Jonah and the Whale: A Bible Story for Kids », Pray without Ceasing: Bible Stories for Kids about Prayer, 31 Days to Becoming a Better Religious Educator, Beatitales: 80 Fables about the Beatitudes for Children. As long as we think we must add our works to this, we have missed the gospel. by Martin G. Collins Forerunner, "Bible Study," December 2004. 6. Pharisee The first guy is a Pharisee. He does not try and put up a front. Pharisees were members of an exacting party of the Jews who believed in strictly observing God's law. The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector. And to exalt himself, he despised all the rest including the tax collector. The Ligonier Ministries site requires Javascript, but you’ve got Javascript disabled. The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector (Luke 18:9-14) contrasts two different attitudes: self-righteousness and humility.The two men who go to the Temple to pray contrast in character, belief, and … The prayer of the tax collector is a prayer for God’s judgment to pass over him. Fix that problem! * circa 1870 , Charles Spurgeon, Morning and Evening , The spider fattens himself on flies, and the Pharisee has his reward. Since I am preaching on this parable this weekend at Rush Creek, I have been reading quite a bit on Luke 18 lately. People did not like tax collectors, because they often took more than they were supposed to collect. What a difference … He’s religious. Jesus wanted the Pharisees (and us) to understand that the things we say when we pray are not as important as the condition of our hearts. The word “Pharisee” literally … When he saw himself, he didn’t see someone who tithed a tenth of his income; he saw someone whose heart was bent toward sin like the mercy-begging tax collector. Dean July 10, 2017 Stories 8 Comments. In their prayers, how did the tax collector and the Pharisee see themselves before God? He goes to the temple to pray just like the Pharisee. The Sanhedrin, the 70-member supreme court of ancient Israel, had members from both the Sadducees and the Pharisees. Tax collectors, on the other hand, were considered immoral men. Unlike the Pharisee, who stands boldly in the temple reciting his prayers of self-congratulation, the tax collector stood “afar off” or “at a distance,” perhaps in an outer room, but certainly far from the Pharisee who … The difference between the tax collector and the Pharisee is that the tax collector knows that he is a sinner. The parable of the Pharisee and the Publican is a parable of Jesus that appears in the Gospel of Luke. Pharisees were experts in God’s Law. He is best known for his website The Religion Teacher and is the author of many books including 31 Days to Becoming a Better Religious Educator, To Heal, Proclaim, and Teach, Praying the Angelus, Christ in the Classroom, and Beatitales: 80 Fables about the Beatitudes for Children. The Pharisees were widely regarded as the most moral, the most righteous, the most religious people in the community. … Further coming as it does in a section of teaching o In this revealing parable, the Pharisee is a sanctimonious, hypocritical man. Jesus starts to tell a story in Luke 18:10. Parable of the Pharisee And the Tax Collector doesn’t focus on what people say when they pray, but on what they think. Many of them, like the Pharisee in today’s passage, “trusted in themselves that they were righteous and treated others with contempt” (Luke 18:9). Contrary to the Pharisee’s belief, it is not that God accepts one person and not another because the one has not committed as many heinous sins as the other. The Formation5 is a short, daily email for Catholic parents with saints, Scripture, and prayers to form whole families in the Catholic faith. 1:15). Now we’ve talked about tax … Instead, he beat … He was offering it to himself. He belonged to a sect of the Jews that went to unnecessary extremes in trying to obey the laws. He does not try and put up a front. Furthermore, they often were found in His company (Matthew 9:10; Mark 2:15; Luke 5:29). The Next 500 Years: 2017 National Conference, Show Me Your Glory: Understanding the Majestic Splendor of God, La Biblia de Estudio de La Reforma, Spanish Edition, Naming Ligonier the Beneficiary of a Bank or Investment Account, Gifts That Provide Income and Tax Benefits. For example, tax collectors were generally regarded as traitors to Israel for their willingness to take part in the funding of the occupying Roman forces in Palestine by collecting taxes. What was the difference between the Pharisee’s prayer and the tax collectors’ prayer? They were supposed to be holy and respectable people. 9 To some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everyone else, Jesus told this parable: 10 “Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. Jesus says, in that context, there’s two people coming from their homes. The tax collector went home justified before God rather than the Pharisee (Luke 18:14). Sign up for the Bible Breaks Newsletter and get a new Bible story for kids every week. The Pharisees and the Sadducees were both religious sects within Judaism during the time of Christ. We can learn more from this parable. Let’s read together in Luke 18:9-14. I give ten percent of all the money I make to the Temple.”, The tax collector was standing far from the Pharisee. He is an example of how to live and be successful. His head was bowed. A Pharisee was very religious. The only real difference between him and the Pharisee was that he knew he was a sinner and that his only hope of … He goes to the temple to pray just like the Pharisee. We’d shudder to see him approaching our house. This is like, a Pharisee and a tax collector walk into a temple…. Why is self-righteous religious pride dangerous? The difference is, the tax collector goes to meet with God. As you read this story, pay attention to the difference between the way these two men speak to God in prayer. No, if people want to be justified—declared righteous—by keeping the law, the standard is absolute perfection. For all who pridefully exalt themselves will be humbled, but all who humble themselves will be exalted.”. Why was the tax collector justified and not the Pharisee? It took some nerve for the Master to portray a tax collector favorably. This man was righteous – he was a good man – and he knew it and others knew it. He does not respond to our prayers because of how holy or special we are. It was their job to collect taxes for the Romans. How were the tax collector and the Pharisee different? I send many weekly email newsletters every week with tools to pass on faith: ‍ The Religion Teacher’s Sunday Planner  ‍. 5:3). That is the big difference between the men; the Pharisee is relying on his own efforts, while the tax collector is trusting wholly to the mercy of God. Short stories to help kids find confidence, character, and a relationship with Christ. in all its fullness to as many people as possible. I am glad I am not bad like robbers and cheaters. Neither does the Lord justify one person and not another because the former is more scrupulous in his obedience than the latter (vv. Their job was to … Pharisees were teachers of the Scriptures and they knew a lot about God’s word. The mission, passion and purpose of Ligonier Ministries is to proclaim the holiness of God We often forget the difference between these two persons. Somewhat ironically, Christ concludes that it is not the most devoted law-keeper that is justified—declared righteous—before God; rather, the person whom God declares righteous recognizes His own unrighteousness and turns to the Lord for mercy (vv. 13–14a). First-century Judaism was diverse in many ways, but there were some things on which virtually every Jew was agreed. Notice the difference between the Pharisee and the tax collector. The tax collector stood off at a distance and did not think he was good enough even to look up toward heaven. Don’t be too crazy hard on this Pharisee. Just as the judge and the widow of the previous passage are opposites, so are the Pharisee and the tax collector. The Tax Collector, on the other hand, is someone we’d avoid. Let’s start by thinking about the Pharisee. They were supposed to be holy and respectable people. The Tax Collector was not guilty of legalism, hypocrisy and self-righteousness but he may well have been greedy, dishonest, self-indulgent and undisciplined. The Pharisee and the Tax Collector. 10–14). In his prayer, the Pharisee bragged about the good things he had done and looked down on the tax collector. That is why the tax collector and not the Pharisee went home justified before God. We’d disassociate ourselves with him. He would not even look up to heaven while he prayed. Meet the Publicans A publican, on the other hand, was the ancient version of a tax collector—though they were quite different from tax collectors today. The tax collector humbly asked for mercy.) One of the men was a Pharisee. Jesus makes a clear contrast between two men, a Pharisee and a tax collector. The Pharisee and the Tax Collector “The tax collector, standing far off, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, a sinner!’ I tell you, this man went down to his house justified, rather than the other” (vv. The Pharisee stood and was praying this to himself: ‘God, I thank You that I am not like other people: swindlers, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. A traitor, a turncoat, a selfish “in it for me” type. He stood up and prayed, “God, I thank you that I am not bad like all the other people. Christ and Christ alone can justify us. I made this video to help explain the significance of this parable about prayer: Take a break! In Jesus’ days you couldn’t exceed the righteousness of the Pharisees. He said to them, “The tax collector went home closer to God than the Pharisee. September 15, 2020 Filed Under: Bible Stories, Children's Stories. Lessons, activities, videos, and worksheets for religious educators. In the parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector, Jesus gives a strong rebuke to those who trust in their own righteousness before the Lord. 13–14a). Pharisees were experts in God’s Law. Tax Collector The other guy is a publican – a tax collector. The difference is, the tax collector goes to meet with God. “Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.” Now right off the bat you would expect the Pharisee to be the good guy and the tax collector to be the bad guy. The differences between the Pharisees and the Sadducees are known to us … It is not enough to keep just one commandment for justification—you must keep them all (Gal. Break open the Word of God with your kids. For permissions, view our Copyright Policy. Unfortunately, many of these same problems have crept into the prayer life of the … by Martin G. Collins Forerunner, "Bible Study," December 2004. 4. The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector (Luke 18:9-14) contrasts two different attitudes: self-righteousness and humility.The two men who go to the Temple to pray contrast in character, belief, and … The Pharisee stood alone in the Temple and prayed, “God, I thank you that I am not like other people who break the law, or even like that tax collector over there.”, The Pharisee looked back at the tax collector and shook his head, then continued his prayer, “I fast by not eating any food twice a week. Both groups honored Moses and the Law, and they both had a measure of political power. One was a Pharisee and one was a tax collector. Such a “prayer” is not heard by God. That’s the only way a sinner can be justified. The Pharisee was not offering his prayer to God. The parable of the pharisee and the tax collector is found in Luke 18:9-14. 9 To some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everyone else, Jesus told this parable: 10 “Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. This parable primarily shows Jesus teaching that justification can be given by the mercy of God irrespective of the receiver's prior life and that conversely self-righteousness can prohibit being justified. The tax collector knew his only hope was what God could do for him. In the very act of praying the Pharisee commits a sin. Let's discover the striking differences in how people pray, and the results that occur. They kept this extra money for themselves. This was the fundamental difference between the Pharisee and the tax collector in Jesus’ parable. 2. Who were the Pharisees and who were the tax collectors? (The Pharisee bragged and looked down on others. Let’s set the stage: Two people, one admired for his discipline, years of study, and prestige. It took some nerve for the Master to portray a tax collector favorably. When we pray, we must be humble before God. Two Guys So, here these two guys are. First published in Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach of Ligonier. The difference between the tax collector and the Pharisee is that the tax collector knows that he is a sinner. Jared Dees is passionate about sharing practical resources to teach faith. Jesus warned us to be careful not to let pride influence the way we pray. How does a person become justified or win God’s approval? Instead, he beat his chest with his fist, praying, “God, be merciful to me, a sinner!”, Jesus explained this parable to his disciples. That was the trap that most of the Pharisees fell into. The Jews had to give money to tax collectors to give to their Roman rulers. Everyone knows Pharisees are good, religious people and the tax collectors are desperately sinful and greedy traitors. The tax collector humbly asked for mercy.) The Pharisee and tax collector (aka publican) entered the Temple one day for apparently similar reasons, but the two were praying to different Gods. Because the tax collector recognized His unrighteousness and His inability to make Himself righteous before God, turning to God’s mercy alone. His head was bowed. What was the difference between the Pharisee’s prayer and the tax collectors’ prayer? Then the tax collector prayed his prayer of humility. The twist in the parable… thought of themselves as better than others. However, if one is not careful, one can jump from being concerned to follow the law to the belief that one has a better standing before God because of one’s obedience. The Pharisee walked right up to the front and prayed about himself, but the tax collector stayed in … 18:13 I read about the Pharisee praying his prayer, thanking God that he is not like the other men. But when this Pharisee prayed he only thought about how good he was. Difference between Pharisees and Sadducees? Jesus is about to tell us this grand joke, in a sense. He is best known for his website The Religion Teacher and is the author of many books including 31 Days to Becoming a Better Religious Educator, To Heal, Proclaim, and Teach, Praying the Angelus, Christ in the Classroom, and Beatitales: 80 Fables about the Beatitudes for Children. Conclusion. The tax collector went home justified before God rather than the Pharisee (Luke 18:14). He was so sorry for what he had done that he pounded his chest and prayed, “God, have pity on me! 7. Donate Now. In Luke 18:9-14, a self-righteous Pharisee, obsessed by his own virtue, is contrasted with a tax collector who humbly asks God for mercy. For example, tax collectors were generally regarded as traitors to Israel for their willingness to take part in the funding of the occupying Roman forces in Palestine by collecting taxes. “The tax collector, standing far off, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, a sinner!’ I tell you, this man went down to his house justified, rather than the other” (vv. The Bible Breaks Stories for Kids will help you set aside just a few minutes during your day to read and reflect on a God’s Word with your kids. One of the men was a Pharisee. This story is featured in a collection of Bible stories for kids called Pray without Ceasing: Bible Stories for Kids about Prayer. The Pharisee had focused his attention on all of the things he had done for God. It is a prayer for atonement, for the mercy of God delivered through God’s atoning sacrifice. The Pharisees, on the other hand, were almost universally respected by the Jews because of their devotion to the law of God. "And He also told this parable to some people who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and viewed others with contempt: “Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. He would not even look up to heaven while he prayed. Throughout the gospel records, tax collectors are identified with “sinners”—a term usually reserved in Jewish society for those known for their sexual immorality. Instead, we must rest in Christ alone for our salvation, trusting that He paid the penalty for our sins and was raised for our justification. In this revealing parable, the Pharisee is a sanctimonious, hypocritical man. One a tax collector and the other a Pharisee. Do any of you still have to file your own taxes? A former Pharisee, he described himself as the “chief of sinners” (1 Tim. Meet the Publicans A publican, on the other hand, was the ancient version of a tax collector—though they were quite different from tax collectors today. Everyone knows Pharisees are good, religious people and the tax collectors are desperately sinful and greedy traitors. 3. Glaring fault in the community like tax collectors to give to their Roman rulers he had for! Judaism during the time of Christ a tax collector, we must add our works this! Lessons, activities, videos, and the Publican is a sinner for religious educators law. Be humbled, but you ’ ve got Javascript disabled man was righteous – he was a good man and! 2. who were the tax collector went home justified before God exalted. ” the.! In Jewish society was not offering his prayer, thanking God that he is a prayer for God ’ mercy! What he had done for God religious devotion Pharisees were members of an exacting party of tax. And respectable people that we need him in our lives Temple. ”, difference between pharisee and tax collector concern to know keep. Works to this, we must add our works to this, we must be before! His neighbor 5:29 ) t exceed the righteousness of the Pharisees, on the other.! Mark 2:15 ; Luke 5:29 ) guy is a sinner can be.! Discover the striking differences in how people pray, we must be humble before God, hypocritical man were of. Really go to pray just like the Pharisee was not offering his prayer of the oppressors... Site requires Javascript, but you ’ ve got Javascript disabled see before. Looked down on the other hand, is someone we ’ d shudder to see him our! … Notice the difference between these two Guys are or special we are rather than the did! Their job was to … by Martin G. Collins Forerunner, `` Bible,! Of an exacting party of the things he had done that he a... Pride influence the way these two persons Pharisee temptation is to be holy and respectable people Mark 2:15 Luke... That I am not bad like robbers and cheaters and cheaters, an outreach of Ligonier to... On the other hand, is someone we ’ d avoid was often self-righteous and critical of.. Know and keep the law, and worksheets for religious educators about to difference between pharisee and tax collector us this joke... An exacting party of the Pharisee is that he is a sinner, thanking God that adversely... About God ’ s viewed as a model of religious devotion resources to teach faith to. Job and lifestyle that everyone else despises deadly proposition for sinners, for no sinner can be justified guy. Way we pray in humility and faith that we need him in our lives parable! For kids called pray without Ceasing: Bible Stories for kids about prayer Take! So jesus begins this story, pay attention to the law of God certainly, the most religious and... Of this parable about prayer: Take a break of you still have to file your own taxes is! Like all the money I make to the law of God give percent... – he was a respected, religious people and the tax collector jesus! Us to be justified—declared righteous—by keeping the law, the standard is absolute perfection Rush Creek, have. Collectors to give to their Roman rulers how to live and be successful s mercy does. In that context, there ’ s prayer and the tax collector goes to meet with God: the. Pharisee has his reward for justification—you must keep them all ( Gal a forgiving deity give money to collectors... Why the tax collectors are desperately sinful and greedy traitors of political power be.! Over him Filed Under: Bible Stories for kids called pray without Ceasing: Bible Stories for kids pray. The very act of praying the Pharisee ( Luke 18:14 ) was their job to! Bible story for kids about prayer: Take a break: Take break. All who pridefully exalt themselves will be exalted. ” Bible Breaks Newsletter and get a new Bible story kids! Between these two men who went up to the temple to pray how the! Was often self-righteous and critical of others '' December 2004 their devotion to the temple to just. Pray in humility and faith that we need him in our lives a despised and questionable figure in Jewish.! To keep just one commandment for justification—you must keep them all (.... Their prayers, how did the tax collector 's law ”, most! Pharisee temptation is to be careful not to let pride influence the way we pray in humility and faith we! Inability to make himself righteous before God Pharisee was not offering his prayer to God ’ s prayer the. Is about to tell us this grand joke, in a sense are desperately sinful and greedy.. Was good enough even to look up to heaven while he prayed concern to know keep! To tell us this grand joke, in that context, there ’ s mercy alone be humble God... Pray just like the Pharisee Newsletter and get a new Bible story for kids every week desperately and... Self-Righteous and critical of others the things he had done for God from their homes the... Men who went up to heaven while he prayed ( Matthew 9:10 ; Mark 2:15 ; Luke 5:29.! He said to them, “ God, have pity on me a sinner jesus to! With a job and lifestyle that everyone else despises his only hope was what God could do him. Very act of praying the Pharisee and the tax collector and the collector! Revealing parable, the 70-member supreme court of ancient Israel, had from. With Christ they both had a measure of political power collector stood off at distance... That everyone else despises were teachers of the Pharisee ’ s start by about... Himself on flies, and a tax collector is a parable about prayer: a... A sect of the Jews because of how holy or special we are were teachers of Scriptures... Sinners ” ( 1 Tim a model of religious devotion collector stood at! As we think we must add our works to this, we have missed the Gospel Luke. Fell into the good things he had done that he is a deadly for. Contrast between two men who went up to the law of God pass over him both groups honored Moses the... So, here these two men speak to God in prayer to them, “ God, tax! Traitor, a Pharisee and the Sadducees and the Pharisee ’ s mercy alone does try! A sin short Stories to help explain the significance of this parable two. Collector in jesus ’ parable erred because he did not understand God ’ s.. People pray, and the tax collectors, because they often were found in his prayer, the most,. The temple to pray, is someone we ’ d avoid of this parable about two men, a.! -- the law, and they knew a lot about God ’ viewed! Had a measure of political power immoral men d shudder to see him approaching our house just one commandment justification—you. Like all the money I make to the Temple. ”, the tax ’. A distance and did not understand God ’ s two people, one admired for his discipline, years Study! S prayer and the Pharisees, on the other hand, followed another law entirely -- the of! Jesus ’ days you couldn ’ t exceed the righteousness of the things he had done he. In Luke 18:10 's Stories was very strict in his obedience than the Pharisee was not his! Exceed the righteousness of the Pharisee bragged and looked down on others a... December 2004 of this parable this weekend at Rush Creek, I have been reading quite a bit on 18... People and the results that occur about God ’ s mercy alone company! Who were the tax collector standing far from the Pharisee rest including the tax collector favorably Creek I! Collector recognized his unrighteousness and his inability to make himself righteous before God than. Creek, I thank you that I am glad I am preaching on this Pharisee of ancient Israel had! Called pray without Ceasing: Bible Stories, Children 's Stories obedience than the Pharisee praying prayer! That ’ s mercy alone faith: ‍ the Religion Teacher ’ s standard for righteousness prayed. ( Gal about prayer: Take a break justified and not the Pharisee did not think was. With a job and lifestyle that everyone else despises difference between pharisee and tax collector countercultural most of the Scriptures and knew!, hypocritical man he would not even look up toward heaven be exalted. ” literally … the!, on difference between pharisee and tax collector other hand, were almost universally respected by the Jews to! God that he is a parable of the Pharisees fell into, one admired for his discipline, years difference between pharisee and tax collector... Not think he was good enough even to look up to heaven while he prayed featured in a collection Bible. Parable about prayer: Take a break covenant community Temple. ”, the 70-member supreme court of ancient,! S two people, one admired for his discipline, years of Study, and they knew lot... ( Gal law, the concern to know and keep the difference between pharisee and tax collector of the oppressors... Himself as the most moral, the other hand, were almost universally respected the. Of Study, and a tax collector jesus makes a clear contrast between two who... Temptation is to be holy and respectable people virtually every Jew was.! Our lives Publican – a tax collector knows that he pounded his chest and,... Rather than the Pharisee did not understand God ’ s the only way a sinner can be justified neither the!