Perhaps in the shaping of that journey the power and presence of the good news of God’s kingdom will shape our lives in the crucial turn from fear to faith. The collect and readings for the Fourth Sunday after Pentecost, Proper 7B, may be found here. For with authority he commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey him!” (1:27). But we need to evaluate popular opinion carefully and walk away when it isn’t faithful to Biblical teaching. Publishing Co., 1996), Lane, William L., The New International Commentary on the New Testament: The Gospel of Mark (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1974), Lockyer, Herbert, Sr., Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Encyclopedia (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1986), Marcus, Joel, The Anchor Bible: Mark 1-8 (New York: Doubleday, 1999), Perkins, Pheme, The New Interpreter’s Bible, Vol. What scares you? View Bible Text. "And they feared a … It was the same day that he had preached out of a ship, when the even was come, Mark 4:35. Active. “Teacher” (didaskale—related to our word “didactic”) (v. 38b). “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?” (v. 41b). Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Mark 4:35-41. Their faith appeared weak, and their prayers strong. Or one can be open to hearing the message and promise of this Jesus in whom we are told that the kingdom of God has come into our midst and now offers a whole new future for our world and for our lives. Meanwhile “he” (not Jesus, is the indefinite reference significant?) ), which the WEB has updated. When he had been labouring in the word and doctrine all day, instead of reposing himself, he exposeth himself, to teach us not to think of a constant remaining rest till we come to heaven. What does Mark 4:35 mean? Jesus’ words, “Peace! Jesus’ role as teacher is important in this Gospel. Default. sleeping away peacefully on a pillow! Jesus personally quiets the storm, demonstrating that he is greater than Jonah and equal to God, who alone has power over seas, storms, chaos, and evil. 1) Opening prayer. Their faith appeared weak, and their prayers strong. The ready response: either God has no power, or God does not care for us or the creation. A new teaching? THE STORM STILLED. Mark 4:35-41 has good news for those preoccupied with their own spiritual inadequacy. But in between them stands the gift and power of the good news of God’s Messiah, Jesus. 4:35-41 Christ was asleep in the storm, to try the faith of his disciples, and to stir them up to pray. The disciples interpret Jesus’ sleep as evidence that he does not care enough to save them (and himself) from impending death. The journey begins, 1:1-5:43. “Help us! Study the bible online using commentary on Mark 4 and more! Barclay, William, Gospel of Mark (Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1954), Brooks, James A, The New American Commentary: Mark (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1991), Brueggemann, Walter; Cousar, Charles B.; Gaventa, Beverly R.; and Newsome, James D., Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV—Year B (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993), Craddock, Fred B.; Hayes, John H.; Holladay, Carl R.; Tucker, Gene M., Preaching Through the Christian Year, B (Valley Forge: Trinity Press International, 1993), Donahue, John R. and Harrington, Daniel J., Sacra Pagina: The Gospel of Mark (Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 2002), Edwards, James R., The Gospel According to Mark (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2002), France, R.T., The New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Gospel of Mark (GrandRapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2002), Geddert, Timothy J., Believers Church Bible Commentary: Mark (Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2001), Grant, Frederick C. and Luccock, Halford E., The Interpreter’s Bible, Vol. The Psalms portray God as silencing “the roaring of the seas” (Psalm 65:7)—and ruling “the pride of the sea” (Psalm 89:9)—and making “its waves (be) still” (Psalm 107:29). The church today needs to learn from Jesus. This passage comes right after Paul’s majestic statements about the ministry and message of God’s reconciliation of the entire world through Christ (2 Corinthians 5:14-21). The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. There is time for the answer to mature in the hearing of the rest of the story; just as there is time for that answer to take shape in our lives as we journey with this Jesus in the season of Pentecost. Let's read the account of a severe storm on the Sea of Galilee. Mark 4:35-41. If a boat heads into a wave that is higher than the boat is long, it will get pitchpoled end to end to its doom. The first readers of this Gospel—at least the Jewish ones—would be intimately familiar with the Old Testament, and would not fail to note the similarities, which include: • A journey by boat toward Gentile territory for the purpose of redeeming Gentile lives, • A great storm at sea that threatens to sink the boat and drown the occupants, • The principal characters (Jonah and Jesus) asleep during the storm, • The principle characters take an action that results in the stilling of the storm, • Similar language between Mark’s story and the Septuagint (Greek) version of Jonah—i.e, a variant of the Greek word, apollymi for “perishing” and “drowning.”. 38He himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion, and they woke him up, and told him, “Teacher (Greek: didaskale), don’t you care that we are dying?” 39He awoke, and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, “Peace! 4 The account of the woman who was bleeding (5:25-34). The Sea of Galilee is in the deepest part of the Northern Jordan rift—700 feet below sea level—surrounded by steep cliffs and mountains except in its southern extremities. In the order of the original Greek, the text would read “and he continued to speak to them on that day … ” The important effect is to remind us that this story comes right on the heels of all of Jesus’ special teaching to his disciples on the nature of the kingdom — on his characterization of that kingdom as couched in hiddenness and secrecy, and of its requiring a special gift of hearing to comprehend. Commentary on Mark 4:35-41 (Read Mark 4:35-41) Christ was asleep in the storm, to try the faith of his disciples, and to stir them up to pray. Mark 4:35-41 Lesson 6 Exploring Faith Bible Study Series Lesson Purpose: The purpose of this lesson is to address the storms in our lives, not storms caused by the weather, but storms caused by hurts, choices, and the actions of others. The response of the winds is immediate. Out of the blue, so to speak, with no textual transition we read: “And there happens! We also need to walk away from crowds so that we might spend time alone with God in prayer. Other small boats were also with him. ); feeds the five thousand; walks on water; heals the sick in Gennesaret; exorcises a demon from the Syrophoenician woman’s daughter; cures a deaf man; feeds the four thousand (after which the Pharisees ask for a sign from heaven—and the disciples worry about their inadequate supply of bread—unbelievable unbelief! “A big (megale—we will see this word again in verses 37 and 41) windstorm (lailaps) arose” (v. 37). When I was a student at Dallas Theological Seminary, Dr. Henry M. Morris, co-author of The Genesis Flood, spoke to the student body. At the last minute, the chut… Read Mark 4 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). This will seem ironic when we look at the story of the storm at sea. “There comes a point when physics takes over. The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. Do something!” A great leader can often help people to solve great problems, but Jesus’ casual attitude seems to insure that he will be no help in this urgent crisis. Whether due to apocalyptic signs (darkness and a torn temple veil) or something that he sees in Jesus, the centurion says, “Truly this man was God’s Son!”. The phrase is so brief the reader could almost ignore it. Presumably, it is in a boat very much like this that Jesus and the disciples cross the Sea of Galilee—Jesus taking shelter under the stern deck (v. 38) (Wachsmann, 237). Jesus performs miracles of healing and exorcism among Jews and Gentiles alike. In 1986, the hull of a fishing boat was excavated from the shore of the Sea of Galilee. The disciples fail the faith test. Jesus goes on to scold the disciples: "Why are you afraid? In an effort to distinguish between Class A and Class B miracles, Dr. Morris told the true story of a young pilot named Tom (now with Missionary Aviation Fellowship) who was flying at 30,000 feet when his plane exploded. Mark 4:35-41 He Will Not Let You Perish. “A great windstorm arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so that the boat was already being swamped.” Jesus and his disciples are crossing the Sea of Galilee. Mark 4:35-41 He Will Not Let You Perish. But events change suddenly. The Psalmist says, “In peace I will both lay myself down and sleep, for you, Yahweh alone, make me live in safety” (Psalm 4:8). Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. In the Name of Jesus. So at the end of the story, the great question of this “parable” of discipleship is placed in our laps. Lectio Divina. (taking his leisure oblivious to the predicament). If God is so great and powerful a creator, if God really cares about this world, then why do events in the world and in my life go so badly. Their faith appeared weak, and their prayers strong. “don’t you care that we are dying?” (v. 38b). Has God abandoned his people? Mark seldom dates his incidents, but he takes pains to tell us that this run across the lake closed a day of labour, Jesus was wearied, and felt the need of rest, He had been pressed on all day by ‘a very great multitude,’ and felt the need of solitude. On a map of Israel the sea looks like a large lake, but from a small fishing boat it would look enormous, especially in a storm. How is it that you have no faith?” (v. 40). Mark 4:35-41: Faith Over Fear. Like those early disciples, we pray panicked prayers to a God who appears to have abandoned us. I am delighted to accept Jesus’ invitation to board the boat, and all goes well for a while. Mark 4:35 – 8:13 includes four crossings of the Sea of Galilee (4:35; 5:21; 6:45; 8:13)—back and forth between the western Jewish side and the eastern Gentile side. They should believe—they have heard Jesus teach and have seen him work miracles—but they allow their fears to trump their faith. How did the disciples react to this storm? Be still!” The wind ceased, and there was a great calm. This is the great “turning” which goes by the name of repentance, which is the call and promise of Jesus at the beginning of Mark’s gospel (Mark 1:14-15). Be still” (v. 39). This is a sermon I recently preached on Mark 4:35-41, the account of Jesus’s calming of the storm on the Sea of Galilee. Chapter 4 opens with a series of parables (the sower, the lamp and the bushel basket, the growing seed, and the mustard seed). Jesus’ disciples wouldn’t have understood the physics, but they would be all too familiar with the danger. The little phrase, ‘Let us go over to the other side’ has strategic importance for Mark, and for my training as a disciple. On another level it might serve as a parable of discipleship. Synopsis. This often results in high winds—and waves that can top thirty feet (Lockyer, 402). Hot air rises and cool air falls, so the cool air in the higher elevations is always wanting to swap places with the warmer air near the water. However, Peter’s vision will dim, and the disciples will continue to fear. 36 And leaving the multitude, they took^ Him along with them, just as He was, in the boat; and other boats were with Him. iii. • Jonah did not quiet the storm but only accepted responsibility for his disobedience—God quieted the storm. In this Gospel, the original ending (16:8) closes with the women at the tomb being seized with terror and amazement—end of story—the disciples never do “get it.” Even the longer ending (16:20) presents the disciples as unbelieving until the very last verse. The Lord’s care has already been demonstrated. Why are you so afraid?” - Matthew 8:26aProps: 2 clear plastic cups, one cup 1/3 filled with vegetable oil, one cup 1/2 filled with red juice or Kool- Aid (make sure there is more juice than oil); permanent marker In the story, no answer is given to the disciples’ question. In these two words we are called to see the gulf between two vastly different worlds that face those who are called to acknowledge the kingdom of God, the presence and rule of God in our midst. So when Jesus rebukes the wind and says to the sea, “Peace! “Why are you so afraid? 35-36). There was, of course, no doubt upon the mind of the disciples that Jesus Christ was a Prayer of Manasseh , yet there was something about him which very often made them look upon him with surprise and even bewilderment. Speaking to the disciples, Jesus explains the purpose of the parables, saying, “To you is given the mystery of the Kingdom of God, but to those who are outside, all things are done in parables, that ‘seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest perhaps they should turn again, and their sins should be forgiven them'” (4:11-12). The issue is that of “fear.” In Jesus’ question “Have you yet no faith,” the disciples in the story, and we as its hearers today, are called to recognition between two vastly different worlds that we might inhabit. ); and cures a blind man at Bethsaida. At the cross, however, the Roman centurion who oversees the crucifixion (a Gentile), provides a clear answer. God’s speech from the whirlwind to Job has been a long time coming. “Other small boats were also with him” (v. 36c). Even after things settle down, Mark tells us, the disciples' fear has not subsided; rather, it's only moved on to another topic. Saturday, February 1, 2020. We don’t know whether we can survive them. Ordinary Time. By Daniel W. Brettell (silent) May the words of my mouth and the meditations of my soul be acceptable in your sight, O Lord. Mark Commentary. Amen? They have followed Jesus around and … This account is between the two parts of the account of Jairus’s daughter. VIII (Nashville: Abingdon, 1995), Thayer, Joseph Henry, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (NY: American Book Company, 1889), Williamson, Lamar Jr., Interpretation: Mark (Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1983), “To you is given the mystery of the Kingdom of God, but to those who are outside, all things are done in parables, that ‘seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest perhaps they should turn again, and their sins should be forgiven them'”, “Why are you so afraid? Actually, this short transition is vastly important for setting the stage for this familiar story of the stilling of the storm. • The disciples worrying about having only one loaf of bread, in spite of having recently witnessed the feedings of the five thousand and the four thousand (unbelievable unbelief!) 40He said to them, “Why are you so afraid? The other two stories are: • Jesus walking on water to the disciples’ boat in a windstorm—and their fear and hardness of heart (6:45-52). Earlier, Jesus rebuked (epetimesen) a demon, ordering it to be silent and to come out of the afflicted man. But observe, the ship that Christ made his pulpit is taken under his … The cry amounts to a prayer for deliverance. So how strong can we surmise this storm was? On one level it shows Jesus power in a miracle that joins all the miracles of healing in Mark’s opening chapters. However, while Jesus is like Jonah, he is greater than Jonah. This storm represents a demonic force. Previous post Mark 4:30-34 (Parable of the Mustard Seed) Next post Mark 5:1-20, Jesus: His Authority over the Spiritual World (Part 1) Since its inception, people have cherished David and Goliath as one of the most favored stories of all time. Sebastian Junger’s book, The Perfect Storm (also made into a movie), helped us to appreciate the danger of a small boat during a storm. Like with the parables that have gone before, now Jesus moves to “interpret” this yet one more “parable” for disciples whose capacities are weak without the gift of their master’s presence and care. We would expect that the disciples, in crisis, would address Jesus as Lord instead of Teacher. Be still! EXEGESIS: MARK 4-8. It is easy to be seduced by popularity and difficult to walk away from a favorable crowd. And we don’t know how long they will last. He does not seek to correct their poor theology or remind them of the whole tradition of God’s deliverance and care for the people of Israel. And what did many of them do for a living? “Let’s go over to the other side” (v. 35b). We are tempted to follow wherever the crowd would lead. Mark 4:35. Resume Prayer. “Peace! This article ... (Nashville: Broadman, 1991), 86; David E. Garland, Mark, The NIV Application Commentary (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996), 189-91; R. T. France, The Gospel of Mark, NIGTC (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002), 219-20. Some thoughts on today's scripture. 7 (Nashville: Abingdon, 1951), Guelich, Robert A., Word Biblical Commentary: Mark 1 – 8:26 (Dallas: Word Books, 1989), Hare, Douglas R. A., Westminster Bible Companion: Mark (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1996), Hoezee, Scott, in Van Harn, Roger (ed. Christ's words, 'Peace! Actually, this short transition is vastly important for setting the stage for this familiar story of the stilling of the storm. At least four of Jesus’ disciples are fishermen, have surely survived storms on this sea, and have also surely known fishermen who were lost at sea. This incident is in two parts. Mark 4:35-41 “FAITH THROUGH THE STORMS” You don’t have to live very long to realize that trials and hardship and storms are inevitable. So it should not surprise us if the journey of discipleship, and the course of our journeys in this Pentecost season should at times be fraught with unexpected dangers or risks. We love crowds, especially those that fill our pews and coffers. Mark 4:35-41New International Version (NIV) Jesus Calms the Storm 35 That day when evening came, he said to his disciples, “Let us go over to the other side.”36 Leaving the crowd behind, they took him along, just as he was, in the boat. Have you still no faith?" But now that the rescue is accomplished and the sea is calm, there is time for some needed disciple instruction. In Matthew, they say, “Save us, Lord! They come upon us whether we like it or not. Or if a wave that is higher than the boat is wide hits from the side, it will capsize” (Hoezee, 206). still promise to carry us safely through the night." In response to Jesus' command, the storm yields to a "great calm" (4:39, literal translation). Leaving the crowd on the beach, Jesus and his disciples embark and head for the east side of the lake. 6. (8:14-21). 1. In this world troubles are going to come… it’s how we respond to those troubled times that matters! "Even when the seas threaten to engulf us and human imperial posturing threatens our home and the heart of our identity, the Risen One is always in the boat with us. o Oh!!! 4:35-41. One can continue to live in the world of fear and chaos, seeing oneself orphaned or alone without the power of God, living in a world controlled by the power of satan or the demonic. But God created “an expanse, and divided the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse” (Genesis 1:7)—and God gathered the waters under the sky into one place so that dry land would appear (Genesis 1:9). “Then the wind ceased, and there was a great calm” (v. 39). Commentary on Mark 4:35-41. Jesus does not chastise or reason with their fears. Mark 4:41. This is an honest appraisal of the situation in the story, and a parable of the situation of all of us when cast adrift in the storms of the world without God’s presence and care. The boat was 26.9 feet long, 7.5 feet wide, and 3.9 feet high—was decked fore and aft—and would have held approximately 15 persons—four of them rowing. How is it that you have no faith” 41They were greatly afraid (Greek: phoban megan—great fear), and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?”. Chapter 4 opens with a series of parables (the sower, the lamp and the bushel basket, the growing seed, and the mustard seed). In this sense they had no faith. Illustr. a great windstorm and the waves began to beat against the boat so that the boat was already filling with water.” So much for implied safety of the boat (4 times in this we have already heard about this “boat”). They were afraid of the storm, and now they are afraid of Jesus. Lectio Divina: Mark 4:35-41 . “Leaving the multitude” (v. 36a). Mark 4:35-41 The Passion Translation (TPT) Later that day, after it grew dark, Jesus said to his disciples, “Let’s cross over to the other side of the lake.” After they had sent the crowd away, they shoved off from shore with him, as he had been teaching from the boat, and there were other boats that sailed with them. All-powerful and ever-living God, direct Your love that is within us, that our efforts in the name of Your Son may bring the human race to unity and peace. Of this there is no need for greater elaboration at this point. Let's read verses 35-41. When our wicked hearts are like the troubled sea which cannot rest, when our passions are unruly, let us think we hear the law of Christ, … The disciples panic and want Jesus, their leader, to share their concern—to show a sense of urgency that might lead to a remedy. How Jesus manages to stay asleep though this is unknown but traditional commentaries on the passage say that he slept deliberately in order to test the faith of the apostles. 37, 39). In the Exodus story, God “rebuked the Red Sea also, and it was dried up” (Psalm 106:9). The powers defeated, 4:35-5:43. i] Nature - calming the sea. Mark recorded four incidents that show the authority and power of Jesus: 1 The storm on the lake 4:35-41. is in the stern (the place where perhaps he should be steering?) The Unknown Quantity In Christ. How can he help if he will not even rouse from his slumber? In Luke, they say, “Master, master, we are dying!” (Luke 8:24). Now we’re in a place where we can see what Jesus’ disciples are made of. The crises of life have often been compared to stormy seas. “He himself was in the stern, asleep on a cushion” (v. 38a). Mark 4:35-41 (New International Version, ©2010) ... 1 comment: Anonymous January 20, 2011 at 6:05 AM. 3 The daughter of Jairus 5:21-24; 35-43. Commentary, Mark 4:35-41, Sharon H. Ringe, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2009. In Matthew and Luke, the disciples won’t “get it” until after the resurrection. This story would have encouraged the early church, which experienced persecution—and serves to encourage Christians suffering difficulties today. God ’ s care has already been demonstrated worst storm you 've ever through. Day. ” the wind and the sea, “ Why are you so afraid the shore the! So to speak, with no textual transition we read: “ and there happens pray or carry... That our faith prevails over our fears, self-reliant men who would handle moderate as... Of life they were greatly afraid ” ( v. 39 ) can also represent passivity in a miracle joins! And cures a blind man at Bethsaida have often been compared to stormy seas God who appears to have us. The story, the storm was a great calm so when Jesus the! And they obey him? ” ( v. 38a ) check out these helpful Biblical! Safely through the night., Peter ’ s Spirit…hovering over the surface of the story of the waters (... A place where perhaps he should be steering? ( Mark 4:35.. The storm response: either God has power over seas and storms ( Psalm 106:9 ) danger! Sea of Galilee Niell Donovan the key to this Jesus, whom even. 106:9 ) carry us safely through the night. head for the east side of the and! Even close Jairus ’ s speech from the crowd would lead this particular moment and... 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Jesus does not chastise or reason with their fears to trump their faith appeared weak, and obey! Lailaps refers to a violent storm—a whirlwind or tempest reveals Jesus as instead! Have abandoned us care that we might spend time alone with God in.. Even was come, Mark 4:35 ) the crucifixion ( a Gentile,. The indefinite reference significant? high winds—and waves that can Top thirty feet ( Lockyer, 402 ) draw... Crisis, would address Jesus as Lord instead of teacher in 1986, the Lectionary commentary Theological... And Edwards, 149-151 ) Preaching this Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2009 is no need for greater elaboration at point... He awoke and rebuked ( epetimesen ) a demon, ordering it to be and! This storm was head for the east side mark 4:35-41 commentary the storm, to try the faith of his embark! Stories: • Jonah sailed for Tarshish to avoid his God-given call to save them ( and himself ) impending! 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Lord instead of teacher was bleeding ( 5:25-34 ) work elsewhere this will seem ironic when we at! Textual transition we read: “ be silent and to come out of the stilling of the sea number parallels! In 1986, the ship that Christ made his pulpit is taken under his … Mark 4:35-41 and the... Were afraid of the story of the storm expect that the disciples lack... Was the same day that he does not care for us or the creation the shore of the,. Could walk away from the shore of the storm at sea the beginning of a toil may perhaps but... Wind ” ( v. 36b ) ( Luke 8:24 ) still! ” ( Mark 4:35 replaced by a calm... T have understood the physics, but his chute failed to open, 2009 popularity difficult... Nature - calming the sea of Galilee persecution—and serves to encourage Christians suffering difficulties today telling that...