1 Southern Africa hereby refers to Member States of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), i.e. The member states are Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Eswatini, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It complements the role of the African Union. The country’s extensive coastline stretches 2,515 km along the south east and east coast of Africa. Updates? The SADC plans, coordinates, and finances various projects in agriculture and animal husbandry, energy, mining, disease control, telecommunications, and regional trade. 1. SADCA is a Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Cooperation Structure established under the TBT Annex to the SADC Protocol on Trade. The country covers 825,615 km² (almost four times the size of the UK and twice that of Germany) and is divided into 13 regions as determined by the delimitation commission. The result is a charming Creole culture enriched from the melting pot of many continents. The members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) are Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, the Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Botswana shares borders with South Africa, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Originally known as the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC), the organisation was formed in Lusaka, Zambia on 1 April 1980, following the adoption of the Lusaka Declaration. The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization that promotes economic growth, as well as peace, security, and poverty alleviation, within the region. The Declaration and Treaty establishing the Southern African Development Community (SADC), which has replaced the Coordination Conference, was signed on August 17, 1992 in Windhoek, Namibia. A number of Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member States reached the advanced stage of aligning their national qualifications framework to the regional framework during 2019 and 2020. One of Southern Africa’s longest rivers, the Okavango, flows into the north-western part of the country, forming the UNESCO World Heritage Site Okavango Delta. Covering an area of 1,219,090 km², the country shares borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the north, and with Swaziland and Mozambique in the north east. The United Republic of Tanzania includes the Indian Ocean islands of Pemba and Zanzibar and the mainland territory, covering a total area of 1,0219,090 km², and is located on the east coast of Africa between the great lakes of the African Rift Valley system in the central part of the continent and the Indian Ocean. The DRC has 37 kilometres of coastline and geography characterised by a vast central basin low-lying plateau rising to volcanoes and mountains in the east. It marks 40 years since the formation of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference, which later became the SADC in 1992. Dar es Salaam/Brazzaville, 10 March 2020 - Ministers of Health from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) this week agreed to harmonize and coordinate their efforts to respond to COVID-19 in the region. The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa. Omissions? Its goal is to further socio-economic cooperation and integration as well as political and security cooperation among 15 southern African states. The Republic of Mauritius is situated in the south west Indian Ocean, approximately 2,400 km from the south east coast of Africa, located just to the north of the Tropic of Capricorn. The Southern African DevelopmentCommunity ( SADC )is a regional economic community composed of 15 countries in Southern Africa(member states), namely Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo(DRC), Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles,South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Republic of South Africa occupies the southernmost part of the African continent stretching from the Limpopo River in the north to Cape Agulhas in the south. ARTICLE 3 LEGAL STATUS 1.  It is the second largest country south of the Sahara after the Democratic Republic of Congo. By this Treaty, the High Contracting Parties establish the Southern African Development Community ( hereinafter referred to as SADC). Angola, Botswana, Comoros, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Within this small area each feature of Africa’s terrain, apart from desert, is to be found. Its neighbouring countries are Angola to the north, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the east and South Africa to the south. Corrections? SADCAS mission is to provide credible, cost effective, accreditation services for SADC Member States aimed at supporting trade, enhance the protection of consumers and the environment Dar es Salaam/Brazzaville, 10 March 2020 - Ministers of Health from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) this week agreed to harmonize and coordinate their efforts to respond to COVID-19 in the region. SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY (SADC) – 16 member states Members of both SADC and SACU (Southern African Customs Union): Members of … The first conference was held in 1979. Seychelles is still in the process of ratifying the SADC Treaty. SADCAS mission is to provide credible, cost effective, accreditation services for SADC Member States aimed at supporting trade, enhance the protection of consumers and the environment The Zambezi and Limpopo rivers, two of Africa’s major rivers, flow through Mozambique to the Indian Ocean. Known as the Switzerland of Africa, Swaziland comprises magnificent mountain scenery with unique, ancient rock formations, which are a source of fascination for geologist, scholars and visitors. To the north it is bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo and the United Republic of Tanzania, to the west by Angola, to the south west by Namibia, to the east by Malawi and Mozambique, and to the south by Zimbabwe and Botswana. The land-locked country is bounded by Mozambique to the east, Zambia to the north and north west, South Africa to the south, and to the south west by Botswana. Although the volcanoes are long since dormant, they have left their mark on the profile and landscape of the island. Southern African Development Community (SADC) HISTORY AND PRESENT STATUS. The virtual conference takes place under the theme “40 Years Building Peace and Security, Promoting Development and Resilience to face global challenges”. The Southern African Development Coordinating Conference (SADCC), established on 1 April 1980 was the precursor of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an organisation of eleven independent states of Southern Africa, namely: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is a Regional Economic Community comprising 16 Member States; Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The southern Africa energy sector has not been spared by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, with both positive and negative impacts on efforts by the region to address power shortages. Among the SADC’s earliest priorities were projects to improve the existing rail and road networks between the member states so they could reduce their dependence on South African ports and transport routes for the shipment of their imports and exports. The SADC Free Trade Area was established in August 2008, after the implementation of the SADC Protocol on Trade in 2000 laid the foundation for its formation. The African Economic Community (AEC) is an organization of African Union states establishing grounds for mutual economic development among the majority of African states. With the advent of majority black rule in South Africa and that country’s membership in the SADC (1994), however, the focus of the organization shifted toward greater regional economic integration. The topography is varied; hilly in the north and in the central part of the island (high plateaus with altitude between 1,200 and 1,500 metres) and plains in the east, west and south. The island is only 67 km in length and 46 km at its widest point, with a total land area of 2,040 km², owing its origins to submarine volcanic activity. The African Free Trade Zone is also referred to as the African Free Trade Area in some official … It is situated at the heart of Africa, and lies on the Equator, covering an area of 2,345,095 km². (b) Collaborating with regional economic communities in the subregion, namely, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in promoting regional development agenda and priorities; Of the 15 SADC member states, only Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congoare not yet participating, however Angolan trade minister Joffre Van-Dún… Member States are Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Originally known as the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC), the organisation was formed in Lusaka, Zambia on 1 April 1980, following the adoption of the Lusaka Declaration. On the positive side, most countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have experienced reductions in demand for electricity during peak hours. Lesotho’s geographical formation is characterised by high mountains and deep valleys, and it is the only country in the world to have all its entire territory located at more than 1,000 metres above sea level. SADC is a decentralised organisation with a small secretariat based in Gaborone, Botswana. These projects greatly improved the region’s transportation infrastructure. It lies wholly within the tropics and is part of the great plateau which traverses Africa, Support towards operationalization of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy (STOSAR). SADC (Southern African Development Community) is a regional organisation consisting of 14 Member Countries (Angola, Botswana, Congo (DR), Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe). SADC (Southern African Development Community) is a regional organisation consisting of 14 Member Countries (Angola, Botswana, Congo (DR), Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe). SADCA’s aims are to: Malawi is a landlocked country, located in southern central Africa along the western part of the Great Rift Valley of Africa. The Union of the Comoros was admitted to SADC at the 37th SADC Summit of Heads of State and Government in August 2017, then became a full member at the 38th Summit of Heads of State and Government on August 2018 in Windhoek Namibia. In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the EAC agreed to an expanded free trade area including the member states of all three organizations. Zimbabwe occupies 390,757 km² of land in south Central Africa, between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. Covering an area of 1,219,090 km², the country shares borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the north, and with Swaziland and Mozambique in the north east. Most of the export trade from the region continued to pass through the country to South African ports, and South Africa…. More than 75 % of Lesotho is mountainous, with only 25 % considered lowland. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), formerly known as the Republic of Zaire, is geographically the largest state in Southern and Central Africa. Southern African Development Community (SADC), originally (1979–92) Southern African Development Coordination Conference, regional organization of southern African countries that works to promote economic cooperation and integration among the member states and to preserve their economic independence. SADCA is a Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Cooperation Structure established under the TBT Annex to the SADC Protocol on Trade. …Africa’s Black neighbours formed the Southern African Development Coordinating Conference in 1979 in an effort to limit South Africa’s economic domination of the region, but it made little progress. Malawi is bordered by the United Republic of Tanzania to the north and north east, Mozambique to the east, south and south west, and Zambia to the west. Botswana is a completely landlocked country in the centre of Southern Africa. The Headquarters of SADC shall be at Gaborone, Republic of Botswana. The Southern African Power Pool (SAPP), is a cooperation of the national electricity companies in Southern Africa under the auspices of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The Southern African Development Community (SADC) has been in existence since 1980, when it was formed as a loose alliance of nine majority-ruled States in Southern Africa known as the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), with the main aim of coordinating development projects in order to lessen economic dependence on the then apartheid South … 2. The Republic of South Africa occupies the southernmost part of the African continent stretching from the Limpopo River in the north to Cape Agulhas in the south. All member states comprise a total area of 9.85 million km² and about 353.09 million people. The Republic of South Africa occupies the southernmost part of the African continent stretching from the Limpopo River in the north to Cape Agulhas in the south. The Republic of Angola covers 1,247,000 km² in the western region of Southern Africa. The island of Madagascar is situated 400 km off the east coast of Africa, separated from the mainland by the Mozambique Channel. Southern African Development Community. The EAC is an integral part of the African Economic Community. Covering an area of 1,219,090 km², the country shares borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the north, and with Swaziland and Mozambique in the north east. The SADC’s activities are coordinated at annual conferences of the heads of government and of a council of ministers from all the member states. Namibia is situated on Africa’s south-western seaboard. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organizationheadquartered in Gaborone, Botswana. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) needs to mobilise about 20 million US dollars to fight a plague of migratory locusts that is threatening food security in the region. The African Free Trade Zone (AFTZ) is a free trade zone announced at the EAC-SADC-COMESA Summit on 22 October 2008 by the heads of Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the East African Community (EAC). Covering an area of 1,219,090 km², the country shares borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the north, and with Swaziland and Mozambique in the north east. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The stated goals of the organization include the creation of free trade areas, customs unions, a single market, a central bank, and a common currency (see African Monetary Union) thus establishing an economic and monetary union The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa. The Republic of South Africa occupies the southernmost part of the African continent stretching from the Limpopo River in the north to Cape Agulhas in the south. SADC shall be an international organisation, and shall have legal personality with capacity The Southern African Development Community is a regional organization of southern African countries that works to promote economic cooperation and integration among the member states and to preserve their economic independence. The Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) is a proposed African free trade agreement between the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Southern African Development Community (SADC) and East African Community (EAC).. On June 10, 2015 the deal was signed in Egypt by the countries shown below (pending ratification by national parliaments).. On June 15, 2015 at the 25th African … Angola, Botswana, Comoros, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. This is 6.5% of the habitable area around the world and 4.6% of the world population. The country can be divided into six geomorphologic areas: Coastal area, marginal mountain chains, the old tableland, Zaire basin and the basins of the Zambezi and Cubango. SADC’s goals of promoting regional cooperation and integration, economic growth, socio-economic development, and durable peace and security among its member states have never been more salient. Press Release - The Regional Oversight Mechanism for Peace, Security and Cooperation for DRC and Great Lakes Region Adopts Plan of Action, AU-SADC Regional Internet Exchange Points (RIXPs) and Regional Internet Carriers (RICs) Workshop. SADC - Southern African Development Community The SADC is a trade agreement of currently 15 countries mainly located in Eastern Africa and in Southern Africa. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Southern-African-Development-Community, CRW Flags - Flag of Southern African Development Community, The Official Site of Southern African Development Community. Mozambique lies on the east coast of Southern Africa, measuring a total of some 799,380 km² in area. It is a large island, stretching 1,580 km from north to south and 600 km from east to west, with a coastline of about 5,000 km. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Southern African Development Community headquarters in Gaborone, Botswana. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. (b) Collaborating with regional economic communities in the subregion, namely, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in promoting regional development agenda and priorities; Southern African Development Community (SADC) HISTORY AND PRESENT STATUS. SADC is thus in theoryan arrangement that reduces or rules out trade barriers between member stateswhile leaving in place barriers against imports from o… South Africa – a member of the SADC – confirmed its first case of COVID-19 on 5th March, the first country and so far only country in southern Africa to do so. The Southern African Development Community Cooperation in Accreditation (SADCA) is a Cooperation of accreditation bodies in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 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