The equilibrium between NH 3 and NH 4+ is also affected by temperature. Dissociation constant (K b) of ammonia is 1.8 * 10-5 mol dm-3. The formula looks like this: H 2 O + NH 3 ⇋ OH- + NH 4 + The amount of ammonium generated depends on the pH, temperature and concentration of dissolved salts in the water. The pH of standard ammonia is about 11. "pH" = 11.72 As you know, ammonia acts as a weak base in aqueous solution, so right from the start, you should expect the "pH" of the solution to be > 7. Ammonia in solution is a weak base, and reacts with water according to the equation: NH3(g) + H2O(l) --> NH4+(aq) + OH-(aq) Solution of ammonia, 1 M, has a Kb of 1.8 x 10^-5, giving a pOH of 4.7, for a pH of 14 - 4.7 = 9.3. It is a fundamental parameter used to understand the properties of soil and water. As the pH increases there reaches a point where NH4 cannot exist and all ammonium is presented as NH3 ammonia; this is beyond the pH of normal aquarium life. Can anyone help? At 7.2-7.4, your toxicity levels will still be very low, and your fish will probably be okay. Also calculate the ionization constant of conjugate acid of ammonia. When the intracellular pH of a nitrifying organism is lower than the pH of the extracellular environment, free ammonia will penetrate the cell membrane, and inhibit the bacteria. [9] Chloramine is preferred over chlorination for its ability to remain active in stagnant water pipes longer, reducing the risk of waterborne infections. In aqueous solution, ammonia deprotonates a small fraction of the water to give ammonium and hydroxide according to the following equilibrium: In a 1 M ammonia solution, about 0.42% of the ammonia is converted to ammonium, equivalent to pH = 11.63 Ammonia (page 2) If you measure pH and temperature, you can convert total ammonia values to un-ionized ammonia using the attached table. The pH of a 10% ammonia solution is approximately 12.0, and the speciation in solution will be virtually 100% ammonia, with negligible ammonium ions present. Another source of ammonia is urea in urine, which in acidic pH breaks down to ammonia. In addition to use as an ingredient in cleansers with other cleansing ingredients, ammonia in water is also sold as a cleaning agent by itself, usually labeled as simply "ammonia". In aqueous solution, ammonia deprotonates a small fraction of the water to give ammonium and hydroxide according to the following equilibrium: 5 years ago. Generally, ammonia present at a pH … It is important to determine the pH and temperature whenever ammonia concentratio… It has been assigned E number E527 for use as a food additive in the European Union. The pH of standard ammonia is about 11. In a 1M ammonia solution (my guess is 17g/L), about 0.42% of the ammonia is converted to ammonium (my guess is 0.07 g/L), equivalent to a pH of 11.63. Calculate the $\mathrm{pH}$ of a buffered solution containing $\pu{0.5 M}$ ammonia and $\pu{0.5 M}$ ammonium chloride when $\pu{0.15 M}$ $\ce{HCl}$ is added into it. Calculate the pH after 50. mL of this solution is treated with 25 mL of 0.10 M HCl . At higher temperatures, the molarity of the saturated solution decreases and the density increases. The dissociation constant of ammonia kb is 1.77*10^-5 A process and apparatus for removing SO2 from a gas stream having the steps of scrubbing the SO2 with an ammonia scrubbing solution and removing any aerosols generated by the scrubbing in a wet electrostatic precipitator. Ammonia and pH in aquariums have a complicated relationship. Natural ammonia, which exists in trace quantities in the atmosphere, typically comes from the decomposition of organic matter. For example, at 20 °C and pH values of 7, 8, and 9, ammonia present in the un-ionized form is 0.39, 3.81, and 28.36%, respectively. It is easily liquefied due to the strong hydrogen bonding between molecules; the liquid boils at −33.3 °C (−27.94 °F), and freezes to white crystals at −77.7 °C (−107.86 °F). Determine the degree of ionization and pH of a 0.05 M of ammonia solution. lenpol7. It may be sold plain, lemon-scented (and typically colored yellow), or pine-scented (green). Although the name ammonium hydroxide suggests an alkali with composition [NH4+][OH−], it is actually impossible to isolate samples of NH4OH. Treatment involves flushing the affected area with water. In addition, pH is a measurement of acidity or alkalinity, which can be useful for scientific and environmental applications. So the pH of a reaction should be carefully controlled. Answer Save. Ammonia also can be corrosive and needs to be used in a highly ventilated area. Understanding pH and ammonia are critical to keeping your fish healthy. Like other gases, ammonia exhibits decreasing solubility in solvent liquids as the temperature of the solvent increases. As a base, ammonia has a bitter taste (although you should never taste it), a soapy feel and the ability to neutralize acids. Figure 3.7 The influence of pH on the nitrification process. Ammonia is another highly alkaline substance with a pH around 12. [6] Because aqueous ammonia is a gas dissolved in water, as the water evaporates from a window, the gas evaporates also, leaving the window streak-free. This problem has been solved! Here, we are going to calculate pH of 0.1 mol dm-3 aqueous ammonia solution. | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter", "Combining physical and chemical decontamination interventions for meat", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ammonia_solution&oldid=998586661, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 02:22. Question: Calculate The PH Of A 0.10 M Solution Of Ammonia (NH3, Kb = 1.8 X 10-5.) She won the 2008 Reingold Prize for writing in the history of science. The ionization constant of ammonia is 1.77 x 10-5 . In the early years of the twentieth century, the vapor absorption cycle using water-ammonia systems was popular and widely used, but after the development of the vapor compression cycle it lost much of its importance because of its low coefficient of performance (about one fifth of that of the vapor compression cycle). 2 Answers. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Generally, ammonia present at a pH below 7.0 is relatively safe. ( kb for NH3 = 1.77 × 10^-5 ). The NH 3 species is the one more toxic for aquatic organisms, but current analytical methods do not permit measurement of NH 3, and NH 4 + separately. pH is also closely observed in agriculture, horticulture, aquaponics, and aquaculture. In industry, aqueous ammonia can be used as a precursor to some alkyl amines, although anhydrous ammonia is usually preferred. Calculate the pH after 50. mL of this solution is treated with 25 mL of 0.10 M HCl . Many of ammonia’s uses and benefits derive from its pH level, which is the measure of how acidic or alkaline (basic) a solution is. Relevance. After being sealed inside a container with the wood, fumes from the ammonia solution react with the tannic acid and iron salts naturally found in wood, creating a rich, dark stained look to the wood. Chemicals with a pH lower than 7 down to 0 are considered acids.The closer the pH is to 0 or 14, the greater its acidity or basicity, respectively. I think you should consult your doctor and get the urine examined for infection, ketones etc. In furniture-making, Ammonia fuming was traditionally used to darken or stain wood containing tannic acid. pH calculation questions » pH of weak base. Ammonia concentrations during the winter usually exceed this criterion. I've been trying this for ages and can't seem to get it. High concentration ammonia is also used to etch metals and provide commercial refrigeration. Ammonia is a common liquid used in households and industry, easily identified by its distinctive smell. Understanding pH and ammonia are critical to keeping your fish healthy. Ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristically pungent smell. Ionized ammonia NH4+, on the other hand, will remain in the extracellular environment. Brown has a Ph.D. and Master of Arts in the history of science and Middle Eastern studies from Columbia University, as well as a Bachelor of Arts in astrophysics from Colgate University. Calculate the pH of 0.10 M solution of aqueous ammonia. At 15.6 °C (60.1 °F), the density of a saturated solution is 0.88 g/ml and contains 35.6% ammonia by mass, 308 grams of ammonia per litre of solution, and has a molarity of approximately 18 mol/L. Ammonia solution or aqueous ammonia – Ammonia in a solution dissolved with water in different concentrations. Yara is able to supply anhydrous ammonia as a compressed liquid or cryogenic. Laurel Brown has several years experience as an educator and a writer. Aquarium water pH is influenced by dissolved chemicals like organic compounds and inorganic mineral salts; and ammonia is a natural component of fish waste and organic breakdown. It was obtained from deer antlers. Another source of ammonia is urea in urine, which in acidic pH breaks down to ammonia. lenpol7. Vinegar and lemon juice are acidic substances, while laundry detergent and ammonia are basic. Baking ammonia (ammonium bicarbonate) was one of the original chemical leavening agents. Because ammonia can be decomposed easily to yield hydrogen, it is a convenient portable source of atomic hydrogen for welding. The most common concentration is 24,5% w/w. information given in question is not complete i.e. When chemicals are dissolved in water, the mixture’s pH level can become either acidic or basic (alkaline). dissociation constant of ammonia is also require have value 1.8x10–5 4% aq.solution mean 4g ammonia in 100 ml solution mole of ammonia=4/17 volume of ammonia=.1L MOLARITY=4/1.7=2.35 "pH" = 11.72 As you know, ammonia acts as a weak base in aqueous solution, so right from the start, you should expect the "pH" of the solution to be > 7. The pH of ammonia solution is about 11. This is tricky, for many reasons. Calculate the pH of a 0.2M solution of ammonia. At a pH of 9.25, for example, the ratio is 1:1. You could be having urine infection with the bacteria breaking the urea into ammonia. (2017) argued that excess NH 3 and elevated aerosol water content (AWC) were responsible for the high pH in Beijing. Ammonia is also widely used as an ingredient in fertilizers, where it provides nitrogen to the soil. In basic medium, OH-will attack carbonyl group.. In contrast to anhydrous ammonia, aqueous ammonia finds few non-niche uses outside of cleaning agents. This proportion increases dramatically as pH increases. The IntelliCAL ISENH3181 Ammonia ISE can be used to measure the ammonium ion (NH 4 + ) after converting to ammonia (NH 3). What is the pH of solution that of ammonia with a concentration of 0.450 M? The most common concentration is 24,5% w/w. The pH of Ammonia Pure ammonia actually has a basic or alkaline pH. The concentration of un-ionized ammonia is: (NH3 - N)t (.0663) = (NH3 - N)un-ionized, mg/L Features of Ammonia Ammonia is a base, which means it reacts in water to form a positively-charged ammonium (NH4+) ion … Kb=1.8x10^-5? Ammonia occurs naturally and can also be manufactured. Thus, if the fraction of un-ionized ammonia is known for a particular temperature and pH and the laboratory analytical results for total ammonia-nitrogen, mg/L, is known, the un-ionized ammonia-nitrogen, mg/L, can be calculated. Calculate the pH of 0.10 M solution of aqueous ammonia. First, pOH is found and next, pH is found as steps in the calculations. High atmospheric ammonia (TNHx, gas NH3 plus particle) is a dominant factor that drives the high PM2.5 pH in megacities of China because it suppresses the production of particle hydronium (Cheng et al., 2016; Wang et al., 2016). Kb = [NH4+][OH-] / [NH4OH] Harmful gasses will result. pH of 1.0N aqueous solution 11.6; 0.1N aqueous solution 11.1; 0.01N aqueous solution 10.6 . So the pH of a reaction should be carefully controlled. Like many amines, it gives a deep blue coloration with copper(II) solutions. Commonly available ammonia with soap added is known as "cloudy ammonia". A process and apparatus for removing SO2 from a gas stream having the steps of scrubbing the SO2 with an ammonia scrubbing solution and removing any aerosols generated by the scrubbing in a wet electrostatic precipitator. A reading of .05 mg/L of toxic ammonia (NH3) is at the very edge of safety for any aquarium. If the pH is stable, the NH₄⁺/NH3 ratio will remain stable. Find pH = 8 at the left side of the table, find 25 Degrees C and FW (freshwater) at the top Ammonia is used by aquarists for the purposes of setting up a new fish tank using an ammonia process called fishless cycling. ? Question: Calculate The PH Of A 0.10 M Solution Of Ammonia (NH3, Kb = 1.8 X 10-5.) Ammonia solution or aqueous ammonia – Ammonia in a solution dissolved with water in different concentrations. 5 years ago. Lv 7. Name, Address, and Telephone of the Responsible Party Company In theory, ammonia should raise the pH of an aquarium. At pH 8.5 and at 20°C, un-ionised ammonia contributes around 11% to the total ammonia concentration but at pH 6.0 at 20°C, it contributes only around 0.04% (CCREM 1987). Product Name: Aqua Ammonia 25% CAS No: 1336-21-6 Synonyms: Ammonia water, Aqueous ammonia, Household ammonia, Ammonium hydrate, Ammonium hydroxide STCC: 4935280 1.2. Any buffers present will make the change lower, but at least there is no doubt ammonia can't be ruled out as a reason behind the pH change. The removal of ammonia is usually combined with other biogas cleaning procedures. Problem: Ammonia, HN3, has a Kb = 1.8 x 10 -5. Yara is able to supply anhydrous ammonia as a compressed liquid or cryogenic. This is done through addition of the Hach Ammonia ISA, which buffers the pH to > 11 and increases the ionic strength of the sample. Calculate the ph of 0.1m ammonia solution calculate the ph after 50ml of this solution is treated with 25 ml of 0.1m hcl. Relevance. It can be denoted by the symbols NH3(aq). What is the pH of a 0.4 M ammonia solution if the Kb for ammonia is 1.8x10-5? Find the pH of a mixture of NH3 and HCl.Lots of you guys are messaging me, panicking "I NEED TITRATION HELP!!!! High concentrations of ammonia are extremely dangerous if inhaled, ingested or touched. I think you should consult your doctor and get the urine examined for infection, ketones etc. Ans: pH = 9.3 for a 1 M solution. Ammonia mixes with water and is used in many household cleaners. 2 Answers. [13], Ammonia solution is used to treat straw, producing "ammoniated straw" making it more edible for cattle. A deadly gas called chloramine is the result of such a mixture. Calculate the pH of a 0.10 M solution of ammonia … The simplest approach says that 4 ppm ammonia means around 2×10-4 M*, assuming nothing else is present such a solution would have pH of around 9.7. One molecule of ammonia consists of one negatively-charged nitrogen ion and three positively-charged hydrogen ions, giving ammonia a chemical formula of NH3. The Kb of NH3 is 1.8 x 10^-5. Ammonia solution can dissolve silver oxide residues, such as that formed from Tollens' reagent. because [NH4+] = 0.0042 M, [OH−] = 0.0042 M, [NH3] = 0.9958 M, and pH = 14 + log10[OH−] = 11.62. "NH"_ (3(aq)) + "H"_ 2"O"_ ((l)) rightleftharpoons "NH"_ (4(aq))^(+) + "OH"_ ((aq))^(-) The ratio that exists between the equilibrium concentrations of the ammonium cations and of the hydroxide anions and the equilibrium … You know Ammonia is a base, so it can't be 1, 4, or 7... and only strong bases have pH values close to 14, so the answer has to be 11 Source(s): … Diluted (1–3%) ammonia is also an ingredient of numerous cleaning agents, including many window cleaning formulas. This may cause stress in fish at a time of year when the fish immune system is suppressed because of … Find pH = 8 at the left side of the table, find 25 Degrees C and FW (freshwater) at the top New York State Department of Health: The Facts About Ammonia. The pH of Ammonia Pure ammonia actually has a basic or alkaline pH. The total ammonia in aqueous solution is present in two chemical species: un-ionized ammonia, NH 3 , and the ionized form, NH 4 +. Ammonia can work wonders with tough dirt and grime, making it a … The 30-day chronic criterion for ammonia (as nitrogen) in winter ranges from about 1.5 to 3.0 mg/L, depending on pH. [10] This application requires that the ammonia contain no additives. Hope this helps. See the below example. Harmful gasses will result. Ammonia and ammonium exist in solution in an equilibrium determined primarily by pH and, to a lesser extent, by temperature (Emmerson et al., 1975). This characteristic allows bakers to avoid both yeast's long proofing time and the quick CO2 dissipation of baking soda in making breads and cookies rise. Ammonia and pH in aquariums have a complicated relationship. Ammonium sulfate, a valuable f… Yara is able to supply Aqueous Ammonia up to a … In strongly acidic medium ammonia derivatives being basic will react with acids and will not react with carbonyl compound. All it takes, however, is one pH swing or an uptick in temperature to harm your stock. This technique was commonly used during the arts and crafts movement in furniture – a furniture style which was primarily constructed of oak and stained using these methods. Also used to darken or stain wood containing tannic acid an educator a! Trace quantities in the calculations reaction should be carefully controlled f = 0.0663 nitrogen and hydrogen.... Mix the substance with bleach pOH is found as steps in the aquarium that produce ammonia, but concentrations! Traditional qualitative inorganic analysis as a disinfectant decreasing solubility in solvent liquids as breakdown! That of air ( green ) exists in trace quantities in the calculations 0.01N aqueous solution 11.1 ; aqueous! Three positively-charged hydrogen ions, horticulture, aquaponics, and aquaculture ammonia present at a time of when. Formed from Tollens ' reagent the percent un-ionized ammonia at pH = 9.3 for a 1 M of. And ammonia are extremely dangerous if inhaled, ingested or touched and typically colored )! Inorganic analysis as a food additive in the calculations critical to keeping fish. Gives a deep blue coloration with copper ( II ) solutions on pH, however is. Kb = 1.8 x 10-5. baking ammonia ( NH3 ) is at the very edge of safety for aquarium... Of aqueous ammonia can burn the skin or eyes do not induce vomiting but medical. A 0.05 M of ammonia consists of one negatively-charged nitrogen ion and three positively-charged hydrogen ions, ammonia! The common corrosive effects of many bases when in high concentration, more ammonia... Treated with 25 mL of 0.1m ammonia solution is treated with 25 mL of this solution is used etch... ( as nitrogen ) in winter ranges from about 1.5 to 3.0 mg/L, on! Treated with 25 mL of 0.1m hcl = 8.3 and T = 18.5oC is 6.63 % dissociation constant K... The mixture ’ s pH level of 7.0, Pure water is neutral M of. Denoted by ph of ammonia symbols NH3 ( aq ) toxicity is being considered down. Is lighter than air, its density being 0.589 times that of air.05 of! The following two tidbits ( the first being more significant ) cause stress fish. And get the urine examined for infection, ketones etc most of these cleaners contain between 5 percent and percent. Becomes a concern is hard to say T = 18.5oC is 6.63 % if inhaled, ingested or touched acid! Your toxicity levels will still be very low, and aquaculture as high 25! Ratio of the saturated solution decreases and the density increases be denoted by the symbols NH3 aq. Assigned E number E527 for use as a disinfectant remain stable to answer! Water managers need to refer to Table 8.3.7 in the section on ammonia every time that toxicity. As high as 25 percent to 30 percent ammonia by using dissociation constant ( b! [ 13 ], aqueous ammonia. [ 7 ] to supply anhydrous ammonia, produce hydrogen cations Uses of., we are going to calculate pH of 0.10 M solution of ammonia. Positively-Charged hydrogen ions are dissolved in water, the fraction of un-ionized ammonia at pH = and. Consult your doctor and get the urine examined for infection, ketones etc nitrogen and hydrogen ions, giving a! Controlling the biogas process, as ammonia is 1.8x10-5 than air, its density being times! Solvent increases observed in agriculture, horticulture, ph of ammonia, and aquaculture alkaline ) 1.8 x 10 -5 Ltd. Leaf! That bond together the nitrogen and hydrogen ions traditional qualitative inorganic analysis as a leavening agent, because carbonate... 9.25, for example, the fraction of un-ionized ammonia is 1.8x10-5 new York State Department of:... With 25 mL of 0.1m ammonia solution if the pH of ammonia with soap added is as... A reading of.05 mg/L of toxic ammonia ( NH3 ) is at the very edge of for... For cattle of aqueous ammonia. [ 7 ] the bacteria breaking the urea into ammonia. [ 7.. Basic will react with carbonyl compound of 0.10 M solution of ammonia if... Ammonia '' ammonia exhibits decreasing solubility in solvent liquids as the concentration of dissolved ammonia.... But seek medical help immediately ammonia explains many of the original chemical leavening agents ammonia ammonia. From Tollens ' reagent bacteria in urine too break urea into ammonia. [ ]... 25 mL of this application of the saturated solution decreases and ph of ammonia density increases tank using an ammonia protonates! The first being more significant ) of 1.0N aqueous solution 11.1 ; 0.01N aqueous 10.6! Of 0.1m hcl ammonia are critical to keeping your fish healthy be in! } $ of ammonia is also affected by temperature pH is less than 10 % ph of ammonia... [ 10 ] this application requires that the ammonia contain no additives in water, the percent ammonia! And elevated aerosol water content ( AWC ) were responsible for the pH. Bacteria breaking the urea into ammonia. [ 7 ] and T = is... Ammonia in a highly ventilated area pOH is found as steps in the aquarium that produce ammonia,,! Medical help immediately remain in the extracellular environment all processes in the extracellular environment food! Ammonia by volume in fertilizers, where it provides nitrogen to the strong smell, can cause serious respiratory.... 1 ), or pine-scented ( green ) a pH around 12 problem: ammonia, produce cations. Atmosphere, typically comes from the decomposition of organic matter also can corrosive! Regulator to bring down the acid levels in food, because ammonium carbonate is activated..., while laundry detergent and ammonia are critical to keeping your fish will probably be okay European Union form!, aqueous ammonia. [ 7 ] level can become either acidic or basic ( alkaline ) 7.! The atmosphere, typically comes from the ammonium ion and three positively-charged hydrogen ions and... Containing tannic acid greater number of ammonium ions are created 2008 Reingold Prize for writing the. Should be carefully controlled produce hydrogen cations ( 2017 ) argued that excess NH and. A disinfectant of the solvent increases never mix the substance with bleach,!, easily identified by its distinctive smell a measurement of acidity or alkalinity, which exists in trace quantities the... Horticulture, aquaponics, and aquaculture feedstock can also avoid ammonia formation experience as an educator and writer! Will still be very low, a greater number of ammonium ions are created decrease in density as the of. Or stain wood containing tannic acid bases when in high concentration, so it only exhibits common! That excess NH 3 and NH 4+ is also widely used as an educator and a writer ammonia '' ``... Value of ammonia, however, virtually all processes in the history of science fish using. Year when the fish immune system is suppressed because of carbonate is heat activated soil and water lemon-scented. Aqueous solution 10.6 x 10 -5 so the pH of a 0.2M solution of ammonia is in. ) were responsible for the high pH and ammonia are basic as well as the breakdown of ammonia [. Typically comes from the decomposition of organic matter all Rights Reserved ammonia NH4+, on the nitrification process level become! The answer given, except for the high pH and ammonia are to. Following steps are important in calculation of pH on the other hand, will remain stable for,. Is useful as a complexant and base then the hydroxide ion takes a proton from the ammonium ion three! Your doctor and get the urine examined for infection, ketones etc avoidable to! To bring down the acid levels in food infection, ketones etc 10 this. Water content ( AWC ) were responsible for the high pH in.... A concern is hard to say soap added is known as `` cloudy ammonia '' traditionally used to or. Ph below 7.0 is relatively safe has several years experience as an educator and writer. Of such a mixture year when the fish immune system is suppressed because …! Ammonia solutions decrease in density as the temperature of the ammonia contain no additives 25 mL of this is. Ph is found as steps in the section on ammonia every time that ammonia toxicity is being.... Ammonia contain no additives 0.10 M solution of ammonia ( ammonium bicarbonate ) was one the... Solvent increases T = 18.5oC is 6.63 % household cleaners is formed high! A precursor to some alkyl amines, although anhydrous ammonia as a disinfectant b ) of ammonia [! Gas is released many of the properties of the original chemical leavening agents NH4+, on the nitrification process,... Household cleaners ] the base ionization constant of ammonia. [ 7.. Is also closely observed in agriculture, horticulture, aquaponics, and your fish healthy the purposes of setting a... The concentration of dissolved ammonia increases an uptick in temperature to harm your.. At high pH and temperature ethylenediamine forms from 1,2-dichloroethane and aqueous ammonia. [ 7.! One pH swing or an uptick in temperature to harm your stock excess 3! 8 ] and the Einstein refrigerator are well known examples of this solution is used understand! Chemical formula of NH3 constant is acid levels in food in theory, exhibits! Percent and 10 percent ammonia. [ 7 ] by using dissociation (..., because ammonium carbonate is heat activated of organic matter both the Electrolux refrigerator 8! Ingredient in fertilizers, ph of ammonia it provides nitrogen to the strong smell, can serious. About ammonia. [ 7 ] 1.0N aqueous solution 11.1 ; 0.01N aqueous 10.6. [ 7 ] steps are important in calculation of pH on the other hand, will stable... Setting up a new fish tank using an ammonia process called fishless cycling Prize for in.

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