In this sense, Moses was sent by God. The faith we profess. Apostle and High-priest of our profession; Consider the Apostle an High-priest of our profession, &c. οὐ γὰρ τῆς κατὰ νόμον λατρείας ἀρχιερεύς ἐστιν. But why should the High Priesthood be mentioned here when the writer is about to compare Jesus with Moses? Hebrews 2:1-9 God Put Jesus in Charge of Everything. (Hebrews 2:11) It should bless and encourage us that Jesus calls us His holy brethren. God speaks very lovingly of the bodies of his saints but see how he speaks of the bodies of apostates, “whose carcases” as if they were no better than so many brute beasts, “whose carcases fell in the wilderness.”. Every once in a while, I am tempted to add a verse or two at the beginning or end of the lectionary reading to fill out its literary context. For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. profession. One Greek article to both: 'Him who is at once Apostle and High Priest'-Apostle, as Ambassador (higher than "angel" - messenger) sent by the Father (John 20:21), pleading the cause of God with us; High Priest, as pleading our cause with God. Both are contained in the one word Mediator. But Christ was sent fromheaven by God!!! Hebrews 3:1–19 Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers, 1 you who share in r a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, s the apostle and high priest of our confession, 2 who was faithful to him who appointed him, t just as Moses also was faithful in all God’s 2 house. of them who are "saints" by calling, Rom. Heavenly calling; by which God called and inclined them to prepare for heaven. Temporary Christians are not really Christians. Commentary on Hebrews 3:7-13 (Read Hebrews 3:7-13) Days of temptation are often days of provocation. Being Himself a man of sorrows and acquainted with griefs, He was also well qualified to sympathize with His afflicted people. Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. Because of all he has said about the superiority of Jesus the writer now calls on his ‘holy brothers and sisters’ to consider Him. me, even so send I you.” The twelve were the human apostles of Christ; Christ was the divine, , speaks to us as antithesis to the whole body of prophets, (, or Legate, Christ is super-angelic representative of God on earth; he is ruling. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. It might have been otherwise. is several times used in this epistle without the epithet. Heaven is the world of realities, of things themselves (Hebrews 9:23) of which the things here are but ‘copies’ ” (Davidson). Jesus was sent from Heaven to earth to carry out a mission of salvation. So John 20:21, “As my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.” The twelve were the human apostles of Christ; Christ was the divine Apostle of God. Whereas Moses was faithful as a servant in this house of God, Christ was faithful as a son set over His Father’s house. ), God guarding us against stumbling, and guaranteeing assurance of an "entrance richly supplied ... into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.". 3 who is the refulgence of his glory,. Jesus Christ is the "Apostle" (lit. Commentary on Genesis 15:1-6. , Hebrews 9:15) suggested by the latent comparison in the writer’s mind between the Israelites called to earthly advantages, a land, etc., and his readers whose hopes were fixed on things above. Again I say they who do not hold on and hold out are not really partakers of Christ, but we are made partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end. For that was why He was sent, to make the way of forgiveness and reconciliation available to those whom God has chosen. Hebrews 3:1-6. sent by his Father. He compares Christ as an apostle, with Moses; as a priest, with Aaron. Partakers of, partners in a ‘calling’ that comes from heaven and leads to it, besides giving the tastes and spirit appropriate to our destiny (John 3:31; Matthew 3:2; Philippians 3:20), servants, therefore, and workers under a new and divine economy. ), God grant that none of this congregation may be of that mind, who having named the name of Christ and being known as his people, continue to grieve him one way and another, to put him to the test by their doubts to make him angry by their sins. If you belong to him be holy, do not grieve him. The Jews were called to a promised land here on earth; Christians are called by God to Eternity! And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? delegate, messenger, one sent forth with orders) in that He is the One God sent to reveal the Father to humankind (cf. The purpose of the writer in this passage, as in the whole Epistle, is to encourage his readers in their allegiance to Christ and to save them from apostacy by exhibiting Christ as the final mediator. ‘Partakers of a heavenly calling.’ Their being sanctified by Jesus has made them partakers of a heavenly calling. Certain of them "kept not their first principality but left their proper habitation" (Jude 6). ‘And High Priest.’ As God’s sent One He has become the High Priest of His people, as the writer has already stated in Hebrews 2:17, and will expand on later on (7-10). The hardening of the heart is the spring of all other sins. Hebrews 3:1. by Grant | Nov 1, 2018 | Hebrews | 0 comments. Butthey did not become brethren by their holiness; they were born into that relationship regardless of their knowledge of God. Hebrews 3:1-19. As God’s Apostle or Legate, Christ is super-angelic representative of God on earth; he is ruling administrator over the incoming dispensation, Hebrews 2:5-8; he is the glorious Messiah. He is the Son, and the High Priest. 1.Wherefore—In view of the development of Christ as sent from the bosom of the Eternal, (see note Hebrews 1:3,) and emerging on earth as our Apostle and propitiator, thus far portrayed. as Christians; our whole confession of faith; Jesus Christ being the central figure and object in that confession and faith. Throughout this passage (Hebrews 3:2; Hebrews 3:5-6) “His house” must be taken in the sense of the quotation, as the house of God. Here in Hebrews 3:1 he draws attention again and enjoins his holy brothers to consider Jesus: “For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God. Our confession is that for which we take a public stand in water baptism, namely, Christianity (cf. "Profession" corresponds to God having spoken to us by His Son, as Apostle and High Priest. Let us begin with Hebrews 13:2 where it says, “Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by doing that some have entertained angels without knowing it” (Heb. For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end; Not otherwise. Hebrews 3:1-6 Jesus is Greater Than Moses. Our “Hebrews” here addressed rejoiced in the grandeur of the divine Apostle, the glorious Messiah, but were shrinking almost to apostasy from the degradation of the High Priest, the suffering Messiah. Both His Apostleship and High Priesthood are comprehended in the one title, Mediator (Bengel). He was the complete Deliverer. metochos. He is not designated here "angel," in order to distinguish His nature from that of angels mentioned before, through He is "the Angel of the Covenant." The apostle, in the first chapter of this epistle, having affirmed that Jesus of Nazareth, by whom the gospel revelation was given to mankind, is God’s Son, in a peculiar sense; a sense in which no man or angel is his son; and having proved, from the Jewish Scriptures, that God had constituted this his Son the Heir or Lord of all things, because by him he made the worlds; and in the second chapter, having answered the objections which were, or might be, brought for invalidating the claim of Jesus to be God’s Son, and having thereby given full effect to the direct proofs which established his claim; he, in this third chapter, proceeds to show what is implied in Christ’s being the Heir or Lord of all things; which is the third fact on which the authority of the gospel revelation depends. “With them that had sinned” says the 17th verse, “to them that believed not” says the 18th verse. Hebrews 3:16. What God proclaims we 'confess.'. Hebrews 1:1-2; John 1:14; John 3:17; John 3:34; John 5:36; John 5:38; et al.). If you think little of your Leader you will live but poor lives. a. You see what kept many of your forefathers out of Canaan, and made their carcasses fall in the wilderness; take heed lest you fall into … ', The Apostle and High Priest of our profession. High Priest— Briefly unfolded in Hebrews 1:14-14, (as Apostle is in Hebrews 1:1-13,) and fully developed in Hebrews 4:14 to Hebrews 10:18. Hebrews 3:1 Context. Home » Bible Commentaries » Hebrews. Hebrews 3:17. Heavenly calling is used mainly as a mark of superiority for the service under Christ over the old one. Greek. The writer thus confidently hopes that he is speaking to those who are true believers. He alone combines both offices which those two brothers held apart. . As Peake remarks: “If this means profession of faith, then ‘the readers already confess Jesus as high priest, and this is not a truth taught them in this Epistle for the first time’.” [Carpzov quotes from Philo (De Somn. We should give careful attention to Jesus because of our solidarity as brothers and our holy calling as participants in His future reign and joy ( Hebrews 2:10-12). Moses was but a part of the house after all, a prominent stone in the building, but Christ is the builder, builder of the house, foundation, topstone of it. Of our profession—Or, rather, confession. , “consider,” “bring your mind to bear upon,” “observe so as to see the significance,” as in Luke 12:24, , though it is sometimes, as in Acts 11:6; Acts 27:39, used in its classical sense “perceive”. It is written of the Corinthians, who at that time were "babes in Christ," that they were "sanctified in Christ Jesus, called saints"; and that God, "Who is faithful," would also "confirm them unto the end," that they might be "unreprovable in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ" (1 Cor. Hebrews 3:1 to Hebrews 4:13.—Chapters 3 and 4 as far as Hebrews 3:13, form one paragraph. App-189. While the saints are exhorted to "walk worthily of the calling wherewith they were called" (Eph. , here, is used very much in the sense of, , to denote the permanent state resulting from permanent obedience to the call, and which has solidified into the correlative. He is not the created thing, He is the Creator. Finally, those believers who have been most quietly certain of their own heavenly calling have most constantly given God praise for their own election! If then we seek rightly to know him, we must inquire what sort of being he is; yea, he must be clothed with his own power, lest we lay hold on an empty shadow and not on him. He has already in the first two chapters given us a vivid word picture of the glory and status of Jesus in all that He is as the Son and in all that He has done for us, and now he says ‘consider Him, gaze on Him (‘behold’ - Hebrews 2:9), weigh Him up, take Him into your hearts, meditate on Him, and never cease having Him in your thoughts’. Calling—See notes on 1 Corinthians 1:1; 1 Corinthians 7:20. As Moses especially was the prophet by whom 'God in time past spake to the Fathers' (Hebrews 1:1), being mediator of the law, Paul shows that, great as was Moses, the Son of God is greater. It was a complete ministry. —Steadily contemplate and study. First Reading. By thus calling upon them to consider Christ Jesus in these characters, the apostle seems to intimate that the believing Hebrews had not sufficiently adverted to the nature and quality of the person and offices of Christ, and for that reason were kept in the entanglements of Judaism; therefore he exhorts them to fix their minds attentively on the sublime subject. The object of Paul is to show that the Lord Jesus in the Christian system - as the great apostle sent from God - sustained a rank and office similar to this, but superior in dignity and authority. To reject Him now is a double insult. He had before exalted Christ as a teacher above all the prophets, including no doubt Moses among the rest; but here refers to Moses as the leader of the people, as one sent especially by God to conduct them from Egypt through the wilderness to the land of Canaan. Well, if you be holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, “Consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus.” Think much of Him. Consider then ’ “the Apostle and high priest of our confession, Jesus,” the single article brackets the two designations and Bengel gives their sense: “ . The frequent use of by our Lord to denote the Father’s mission of the Son authorises the present application of . From the considerations which he had suggested, the Apostle urges the Hebrews to fix their attention upon Christ Jesus, under the character of the Apostle and High Priest of our profession. Our calling as Christians is not just earthly but also heavenly. was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? Both these offices, which Moses and Aaron severally bore, he bears together, and far more eminently; of our profession — Of the religion we profess, of which Jesus is called the Apostle, because he was sent by God to reveal it; and the High-Priest, because we receive its blessings through his mediation. — Ed. ‘Consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus.’ Having this wonderful privilege they are to fix their thoughts on Jesus as the Apostle and High Priest of the faith they confess. These two functions embrace not the whole of Christ’s work, but all that He did on earth (cf.Hebrews 1:1-4). (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. It is literally ‘One sent forth’, and could be used of an ambassador or an authoritative messenger, and is a reminder that Jesus was sent forth from the Father as the ‘Sent One’ (Matthew 21:37; Luke 4:18; Luke 4:43; Luke 10:16; John 3:17; John 3:34; John 4:34; John 5:23-24; John 5:30; John 5:36-38 and in every chapter to chapter 17; John 20:21). Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project Amid the various concluding exhortations in Hebrews 13, two have a special relevance for work. N.A.S.B. The promise is left to somebody, it does not say to us -- “a promise being left of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.” Not come short of it but even seem to do so. The sins of others, especially of our relations, should be warnings to us. … 1 In times past, God spoke in partial and various ways to our ancestors through the prophets; 2 in these last days, he spoke to us through a son, whom he made heir of all things and through whom he created the universe, a. More Hebrews commentaries. Though "Apostle" is nowhere else applied to Christ, it is appropriate in addressing Hebrews, who used the term of delegates sent by the High Priest to collect the temple tribute from Jews in foreign countries, even as Christ was the Father's Delegate to this world, far off from Him (Matthew 21:37). The next verse renders it probable that the two terms contain a reference to the special mission of Moses and the priesthood of Aaron; our Christian confession looks to One mediator. 1:2, 8). This is in contrast with Moses’ call to an earthly Utopia, a ‘land of milk and honey’. He did not come to predict God's plan, He came to fulfill it. ): , but here another sense is intended.] Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, Today if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: You are his house, give him rest, do not provoke him. He ruled the new dispensation in the character of the Son of Prayer of Manasseh, having been for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Apostle and High Priest of our profession -, shaalach- “to send.” The word denoting “apostle” -, shaliyach- is derived; and it is not improbable that Moses would be regarded as being by way of eminence the one “sent” by God. 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