Landscape Music: Rivers & Trails was a nationwide concert series in Fall 2018, coordinated by Get the Facts. There are 13 golf courses throughout Bend, Redmond, and Sunriver. OWSR No. Bank fishing offers dry fly-fishing enthusiasts an opportunity to catch fish hiding under the obstructions of the shallows. For example, the Metolius River boasts clear and cold waters that are largely unaffected by human activity. That water is now warmer, pH levels greatly exceed Deschutes Basin water quality standards set by the State of Oregon, and nuisance algae now blanket the riverbed. Upper Deschutes River The Upper Deschutes River has a long history and has been shaped by a great diversity of geologic events and processes. The interaction of present-day erosional processes with the pumice and ash deposited during Mt. The SWW Tower was sold to stakeholders and state and federal officials as a means to restore runs of wild spring Chinook, steelhead and sockeye that had been terminated by the 50-plus year-old dam. Spring comes early to the Deschutes, painting the landscape green for a few months and offering a break from rainy weather further west. The most popular section of the Deschutes is from Harpham to Sandy Flat and runs through the small town of Maupin. Quick facts: 1. By Stephen Hamway The Bulletin; Dec 19, 2018 Distrust, lack of facts threaten proposed Deschutes River bridge, report says Consultant recommends long-term collaborative process. Access to this large section of the Deschutes River (14,000 linear feet) was closed to the public since 1920. Vertical jigging in an aggressive manner can be an effective method of targeting the salmon species of the reservoir. The Deschutes River, especially in and around Bend, Oregon has so many ways it can be enjoyed. Bend; La Pine; Redmond; Sisters; Maps: County Map Gallery. Part of the Lewis and Clark expedition recorded the Towarnehiooks name on their first … The pond extends upstream to the Galveston Bridge and is a feature of Drake Park as well as Harmon, Pageant, and Brooks parks. It’s not working. The densest use is from RM 56—about 4 miles (6.4 km) above Maupin—to RM 44, just above Sherars Falls. The river flows south into Crane Prairie Reservoir, then into Wickiup Reservoir, from where it heads in a northeasterly direction past the resort community of Sunriver and into the city of Bend, about 170 miles (270 km) from the river mouth. More. PIT-tag information is used to track smolt migration down the Deschutes and Columbia Rivers, as well adult returns one to five years later. It’s not working: salmon and steelhead returns remain low as native fish have been harmed. Print. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Email. 35: deschutes River There are 3 divided sections of the Deschutes that are classified as Wild & Scenic with sections in-between that contain a total of 5 dams This river is used heavily by whitewater paddlers, anglers, hikers, and cyclists [28], In Lake Billy Chinook, there are fisheries for kokanee, bull trout, rainbow trout, brown trout, and several warm-water species such as large mouth bass and a very large population of small mouth bass. The Deschutes River Conservancy (DRC) is a 501 (c)3 non-profit corporation founded in 1996 by the Environmental Defense, the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation and local irrigation districts. Other fish found in Crane Prairie are brook trout, kokanee salmon, largemouth bass, black crappie, tui chub, three-spined stickleback, and whitefish. We believe by working together we can return the lower Deschutes River to full health. USGS 14092500 DESCHUTES RIVER NEAR MADRAS, OR. Tribal fishing for chinook and steelhead occurs at Sherars Falls. The Deschutes River /dəˈʃuːts/ in central Oregon is a major tributary of the Columbia River. Our History: French-Canadian fur trappers gave the name, “Riviere des Chutes” (River of the Falls), to one of Oregon’s most scenic rivers. That cold, clean Metolius water was vitally important to fish, other wildlife, anglers, and other recreational users. The lake allows an individual to keep a bull trout that measures more than 24 inches (61 cm). It is not too late to restore water quality in the lower Deschutes, but there are disturbing signs. The Deschutes Railroad, a Union Pacific subsidiary, was owned by Edward H. Harriman and the Oregon Trunk was owned by James J. [18] It is home to Columbia River redband trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri) known locally as "redsides". Sport fishing for spring and fall chinook salmon occurs from the mouth to Sherars Falls. [7], The Metolius River and the Crooked River are next, both entering at Lake Billy Chinook. from a young age. The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of the most commonly used topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or larger. [19] The redsides grow larger than most and also have a distinct darker red stripe than most wild rainbow trout. [25] Fly, lure, and bait fishing are popular methods, with the majority of trout fisherman casting or trolling in the channels. Once they spotted Pilot Butte on the horizon, incoming pioneers knew they were approaching the twisting riverbanks of the Deschutes River, home to more than 300 early settlers. Distrust, lack of facts threaten proposed Deschutes River bridge, report says Consultant recommends long-term collaborative process. Oregonians cherish our clean and healthy waterways to provide drinking water, wildlife habitat and recreational activities. DRA also believes that the reintroduction of salmon and steelhead above the dams would have a greater chance of success if they were trucked around not only the dams (as they presently are) but Lake Billy Chinook as well. Mazama's eruption 6,800 years ago provides an opportunity for geomorphic study. This section of river is the quintessential mountain stream. Today the river supplies water for irrigation and is popular in the summer for whitewater rafting and fishing. Deschutes River Trail meanders over 12 miles through the heart of Bend in central Oregon. Lengths and weights are recorded. The pioneer ranch was near the former Brooks-Scanlon plant, which is now known as the Old Mill District, on the east side of the Deschutes River. [23] Fishing from Tribal lands requires special permits. Clear 1 Table. Other Facts: King was called Martin or M.L. The Deschutes provided an important route to and from the Columbia for Native Americans for thousands of years, and then in the 19th century for pioneers on the Oregon Trail. That was an important effort. Deschutes River Woods is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. The Upper Deschutes runs clear and cold. Then come Seekseequa Creek and Willow Creek followed by Dry Hollow and Campbell, Shitike and Trout creeks, after which comes the Warm Springs River. The population was 5,077 at the 2010 census. [27] However, most anglers whether they know it or not, are targeting large brown trout. We must move quickly to restore the river. It must be protected for the environmental and economic health of Central Oregon. The Deschutes River may have a bit of an identity complex. The river flows mostly through rugged and arid country, an… It passes through the Warm Springs Indian Reservation, which includes the city of Warm Springs and the Kah-Nee-Ta resort. It's one of our favorite things to do in the summer, we love to kayak, float, fish, hike along, bike along and sit next to while listening to music in the old mill. Deschutes River Railbed Trail spans 17 mi. Wickiup Reservoir holds many brown trout in the five to eight pound range, and has also been known to produce brown trout in the mid-twenty pound range. Further downstream are Swamp, Skookum, Oak, Antoken, Cove, Eagle, Nena, Wapinitia and Bakeoven creeks. [8] From April through October, diversions to Central Oregon Irrigation District canals reduce the river flow between Bend and Pelton Reregulating Dam, at river mile (RM) 100; that is, river kilometer (RK) 160).[9]. There are primarily two sections of the river popular for whitewater rafting and kayaking. Get the Facts. Area: 3,055 square miles Established: December 13, 1916 Population: 181,307 (U.S. Census Estimate) Cities: 4 incorporated. This 100-mile (160 km) stretch of river drops 1,233 feet (376 m), carving a volcanic rock canyon 700 to 2,200 feet (213 to 671 m) deep. Spring Creek is next, followed by Oak Springs Creek and the White River. The Deschutes River Basin is known for its world-class fisheries, cherished by anglers, Tribal members and environmentalists alike. The Nez Perce tribe named the river ‘Towarnehiooks’ (translation: ‘enemies’) because a warring tribe, the Paiutes, lived along its banks. The remains of the trail leading up to the top of the bluff are still visible. This dam, named Round Butte Dam, stands 440 feet (130 m) above Lake Simtustus, a 611-acre (247 ha) reservoir impounded by Pelton Dam.[17]. Gabriella Smith/Alltrails Check out the cliffs high above, and notice the various layers of rock that tell the story of more than a million years of erosion. Dashboard. [7], In central Bend, the river enters Mirror Pond, an impoundment behind Newport hydroelectric dam. Deschutes River is covered by the Tumwater, WA US Topo Map quadrant. miles. The average discharge rate was calculated from USGS records from the Moody gauge of water years 1898–99 and 1907–2013. [1], During the middle 19th century, the river was a major obstacle for immigrants on the Oregon Trail. Oregon cannot afford to repeat mistakes of the past. The Deschutes River converges with the Columbia here at this hub for hiking, mountain biking, camping, rafting and world-class steelhead and trout fishing. The big Central Oregon river built its reputation largely as a fly fisherman’s paradise, a sunny place where big wild rainbows and much bigger summer steelhead will slam a … It showed changes to the mix and timing of water releases might substantially restore water quality in the lower Deschutes. It lies along the Deschutes River, in the eastern foothills of the Cascade Range (west), and is bordered by Pilot Butte (east). A recently released multi-year water quality study, sponsored by Portland General Electric (PGE) and the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon (CTWSRO), analyzed the detrimental effects of the SWW Tower on the lower Deschutes River and modeled operational changes for their impact on lower Deschutes River water quality. It flows through a classic glacial canyon with moraines and an outwash plain. The Little Deschutes River offers outstandingly remarkable geology, scenery and vegetation values. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Online Topographic Maps from the United States Geological Survey", "Water-Data Report 2013: 14103000 Deschutes River at Moody, Near Biggs, OR", "Mapping Newberry Volcano's Extensive North Flank Basalts", "Sherman County: A History of Oregon Sheriffs 1841 to 1991: The Railroad Wars", Fishing and Fly Fishing in Bend and Central Oregon, "Deschutes River - Below Lake Billy Chinook and Pelton Dam, Oregon Fly Fishing Reports & Conditions", "Recreation.gov recreation area details - Crane Prairie Reservoir - Recreation.gov", "Crane Prairie Reservoir Fly Fishing, Fishing Reports, Fly Charts", "Water Conservation Program: Permanent Streamflow Protection", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deschutes_River_(Oregon)&oldid=993908820, Wild and Scenic Rivers of the United States, Articles needing additional references from April 2013, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2013, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 03:36. Most people find success in trolling lures horizontally through the depths of the Reservoir. The Deschutes River /dəˈʃuːts/ in central Oregon is a major tributary of the Columbia River. According to the Georgia Aquarium, penguins are monogamous and typically choose a pair to mate for life.African penguins are endangered and typically live 10-15 years in the wild and into their mid-late 20s in a zoo or aquarium. from Deschutes River State Recreation Area at SR 206/Biggs-Rufus Hwy. Day 7 of 12 of facts about Central Oregon geology written by Larry Chitwood, former Forest Service geologist. The purpose is to protect and enhance scenic, recreational, fish and wildlife values along the river while allowing public use of the river for boating, fishing and riverside camping. To monitor the wild fall Chinook population in the lower Deschutes River, biologists using seine nets to capture and tag migrating smolts as they head toward the ocean. A River by Any Other Name. With Snow Capped peaks near by, the river runs through Pine forests and grassy meadows full of wildflowers in the summer. Of all the great places to fish in Oregon, the Deschutes River is arguably the best known fishing destination. [22] These redside or redband trouts are found throughout the river. [7], Prior to 80,000 years ago, the river ran along the east side of Pilot Butte and a lava flow from Lava Top Butte filled in this ancient channel. Selectively holding back the Metolius water only undermines the ecological integrity of the lower river. Sport fishing for Steelhead occurs in the river from the mouth to Round Butte Dam. No other waterway in the state has been altered in recent years as dramatically as the lower Deschutes River. (These falls no longer exist, having been inundated by the lake behind The Dalles Dam). They lived in an area called Farewell Bend, which was the common saying when the pioneers sadly continued on … Since then, we have built a strong foundation for collaborative work in the Deschutes Basin. Author of five books published from 1958 through 1968, works on American race relations and collections of his sermons and lectures. [2] The waterfall it referred to was the Celilo Falls on the Columbia River, near where the Deschutes flowed into it. Chart. The river flows mostly through rugged and arid country, and its valley provides a cultural heart for central Oregon. Hill. Prior to the dams, the lower Deschutes River consisted of nearly equal parts Metolius and Crooked river water. Love be able to take a walk along it or sit by it to watch the water roll by or the people enjoying it. Adjoining the State Recreation Area is the Deschutes River Scenic Waterway. The lower Deschutes cannot absorb this much polluted water. [27] It is not uncommon to catch rainbow trout, brooke trout, whitefish and chub. Deschutes River Woods CDP, Oregon. Many immigrants camped on the bluff on the west side of the river after making the crossing. Fishing for them is most popular from Warm Springs down to Macks Canyon (Warm Springs Reservation owns the entire Deschutes west bank from 16 miles (26 km) south of Maupin to Lake Billy Chinook and on up to Jefferson Creek on the Metolius River arm) below Pelton Dam. 2. Lewis and Clark encountered the river on October 22, 1805, and referred to it by the Native American name Towarnehiooks; on their return journey they gave it the new name Clarks River. The average catch for these fish is 8 to 15 inches (20 to 38 cm), and some are much larger. The dam provided the city with its initial source of electricity. Quick Facts. Rainbow and Brook Trout as well as healthy populations of Mountain Whitefish call this river home. Oregonians cherish our clean and healthy waterways to provide drinking water, wildlife habitat and recreational activities. It is from this river that the County of Deschutes takes its name. The headwaters of the Deschutes River are at Little Lava Lake, a natural lake in the Cascade Range approximately 26 miles (42 km) northwest of the city of La Pine. Meanwhile, the habitat of the native desert Redband Trout, a unique fish found only in Central Oregon, has been fundamentally altered. [30] The growth of cities like Bend and Redmond also increased demand on the river's water, which is over-allocated. The river is runnable for it's entire length offering rapids from Class I to VI, great fishing, and overnight trip options. The river ends at its confluence with the Columbia River, 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Biggs Junction and 204 miles (328 km) from the Columbia's mouth on the Pacific Ocean. It is part of the Bend, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area. Wickiup holds a reputable amount of both Kokanee and Coho Salmon. Further downstream come the Fall River, the Little Deschutes River, and the Spring River followed by Tumalo Creek and Whychus Creek. At Lake Billy Chinook the river is joined by the Crooked and Metolius rivers. The upstream section known as the Big Eddy is a short segment upriver from the city of Bend between Dillon and Lava Island falls. The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of the most commonly used topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or larger. [24] For the best chance of catching large fish, a boat or other flotation device is recommended as the channels can be wide and deep. Everyone wants clean healthy water in the Deschutes River. For this reason, its water is extremely cold most of the year. The trail makes its way along the wild, winding Deschutes River, and the canyon has a stark beauty, even on an overcast winter day. The big Central Oregon river built its reputation largely as a fly fisherman’s paradise, a sunny place where big wild rainbows and much bigger summer steelhead will slam a … [20] They are abundant in this stretch of the river,[clarification needed] which has counts of 1,700 fish of 7 inches in size per mile[21] (1,100 fish of 18 centimeters in size per kilometer) above Sherars Falls, and they are noticeably stronger than trout who do not have to cope with life in such a big, powerful river. The HCP covers approximately 10,500 square miles of land in central Oregon. For other uses, see. The primary coordinate point for Deschutes River Woods is located at latitude 43.9915 and longitude -121.3584 in Deschutes County.The formal boundaries for the Deschutes River Woods Census Designated Place encompass a land area of 6.07 sq. Map. The major crossing point on the river was near its mouth in present-day Deschutes River State Recreation Area. [26], Located roughly seven miles southeast of Crane Prairie Reservoir, you will find Wickiup Reservoir. CSV. NOTE: The most current shifted rating for this site can be found at USGS Rating Depot website. [13], In 1910, Mirror Pond was created by the construction of the Bend Water, Light & Power Company dam on the river in Bend. The Deschutes River is feeding by snow melt. Aquatic insect life has been altered, the presence of the salmon-killing parasite Ceratonova shasta has increased, parasitic blackspot disease has increased in the native desert Redband trout, and unhealthy algae are taking over the riverbed. Check out some fun river facts below and impress your friends at trivia night. Wickiup Reservoir holds a wide variety of species open to angling. 22 ] These trout are renowned for their size and are given the ``! 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No longer exist, having been inundated by the Tumwater, WA US Topo Map quadrant the Reservoir boat. Glacial canyon with moraines and an outwash plain Sherars Falls, Located roughly seven southeast! River continues north from Bend, Oregon, Deschutes River is covered by Crooked! And chub towns with a population of 5,730 as of July 1, 2020 access as it links a of., Located roughly seven miles southeast of Crane Prairie Reservoir, you will wickiup... Sr 206/Biggs-Rufus Hwy ( this is included for a daily bag limit. ) [ 29 ] from to..., but there are 13 Golf courses have also been an issue water! And impress your friends at trivia night Map quadrant 181,307 ( U.S. Census Estimate ) cities: 4.! Sww Tower was approved without sufficient attention to its economic impact on communities! [ 19 ] the waterfall it referred to was the Celilo Falls on the Columbia redband! 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An impoundment behind Newport hydroelectric dam Wild & Scenic River, near where the Metolius River and the River. Near Macks canyon Campground ( Grass Valley ) better understand the biology, water quality in the of... ) [ 29 ] the County of Deschutes takes its name Area called Farewell Bend, which is.... And Sunriver of all the great places to fish, other wildlife, anglers, Tribal members environmentalists! Above Sherars Falls was 64°F for their size and are given the nickname `` cranebows.. Everyone wants clean healthy water in the River for which it ’ s time to work on! 4 incorporated and John Day River facts below and impress your friends at trivia night been! 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