; WILDHAGEN, G.R.S. 2. Why add it to pet food? This agent has the capability to foam when consumed and that is what causes the intestinal upset in your dog. Zootec., v.63, p.687-693, 2011a. Nutrition Biochemistry, v.5, p.134-147, 1994. Disclaimer. This study evaluated the effects of inclusion of Yucca schidigera extract (YSE) in two diets with different levels of crude protein (CP) for dogs on facal odour, nutrient digestibility, ammonia concentration in feces and hematological and serum biochemical profiles. [ Links ], CALVERT, G.D.; BLIGHT, L.; ILLMAN, R.J. et al. Several studies have been conducted in both dogs and cats determining the effectiveness of Yucca schidigera in petfood. (1981) found increased excretion of bile salts by including saponins in the diet of humans. The Yucca schidigera acts on the inhibition of urease, a bacterial enzyme related to the degradation of urea into ammonia in the environment, acting on the microbiota and binding with ammonia (Cheeke, 1999). If you believe your dog has consumed any part of a yucca, visit your veterinarian or animal … Design, CMS, Hosting & Web Development :: Debunking Pet Food Myths and Misconceptions, Yucca schidigera: Latin for odor-reducing petfood ingredient, Nutrigenomics: Recent advances in dogs and cats, Calcium absorption in adult dogs and cats, Map of 31 US dog, cat, other pet food production plants, Map of European pet food production facilities in 2020, 28 dog deaths prompt Sportmix High Energy dog food recall, Pet food developments to watch in 2021, from 2020’s view, Lamb kidney may be palatable sub for liver in cat food. [ Links ], SCHOULTEN, N.A. Among the fecal odor reducers, those that stand out are the Yucca schidigera extract (Lowe and Kershaw, 1997) and zeolite (Çabuk et al. Rev. The amount of feed supplied to the animals was based on the formula for predicting maintenance energy requirement of 95 x (body weight) 0.75, according to the NRC (National..., 2006). Die gesamte Pflanze enthält viele Vitamine, Spurenelemente und Mineralstoffe, wodurch sie sich für Tierfutter hervorragend eignet. SarStart For Dogs. [ Links ], NATIONAL Research Council-NRC. J. Anim. Cienc. ; MONTE, M.B.M; DUARTE, A.C.P. Overall, it was found that Yucca ingestion generally improves the character and intensity of canine and feline aroma. Pôde-se concluir que a inclusão dos aditivos nas concentrações testadas pode interferir na excreção de alguns minerais da dieta. ; SAAD, F.M.O.B. Vet. Effects of dietary saponins on fecal bile acids and neutral sterols, and availability of vitamins A and E in the chick. The term digestibility may be used for minerals, nonetheless, it's not for the fact that minerals are digested, but because the mineral sources go through a digestibility processes. Com exceção do cálcio, nenhum mineral sofreu interferência da inclusão dos aditivos (P>0,05) no experimento com alimento super premium. Thus, the increase in the excretion of phosphorus may have led to the formation of complexes with magnesium, reflected in reduced absorption. VAN'T KLOOSTER, A. et al. ; QUEIROZ, A.C. Análises de alimentos (métodos químicos e biológicos). This plant serves to cleanse the liver, kidneys, blood and lymphatic system. Palavras-chave: adsorção, animais de companhia, clinoptilolita. [ Links ], LIMA, R.M.G. IN: XX ENTMME – Encontro Nacional de Tratamento de Minérios e Metalúrgica Extrativa, 2004. PiresII; J.S. J. This effect can be enhanced by the use of additives such as Yucca schidigera extract, which inhibits the urease by the extract's ... as Maia et al. Thus, an increase in the excretion of lipids could reflect a reduction in the digestibility of calcium, by the phenomenon known as saponification by calcium (McDowell, 1992). [ Links ], STATISTICAL analysis system. (2011) and Maia et al. Pet food outlook for 2021. dos Editores: São Paulo, 2.ed., 238p., 2008. (2008), who mentions a preference of adsorption of clinoptilolite by Cs+>K+>NH4+>Sr2+>Na+>Ca2+>Fe3+>Al3+>Mg2+, with the K+ ion as the main competitor of the NH4+ ion for the exchange sites, thus the ammonia prevented the adsorption of potassium by competition for exchange sites. Mineral Processing, v.32, p.42-48, 2009. Studies indicate that a dose of 125 mg Yucca schidigera preparation/kg dry food generally is effective, but higher doses might have more impact. Since this work is focused on evaluating the excretion of minerals, the apparent indigestibility coefficient calculus adopted is presented Figure 1. 1. Thus, in dog feed, the inclusion of additives must be accompanied by extensive knowledge of the digestibility and bioavailability of mineral sources used in order to prevent nutritional imbalance. Sie wird eingesetzt bei Rheuma und Arthritis, gilt als blutdruck- und cholesterinspiegelsenkend. Yucca is a flowering plant in the Lilaceae family that grows mostly in desert areas of the United States and Mexico. Wie fast alle stark schmerzlindernd wirkenden Pflanzen greift auch Yucca den Magen an und sollte darum mit Vorsicht und vor allem nie dauerhaft eingesetzt werden. ReisII; N.C. RoqueII; A.A. AquinoIII; M.A. ; BORGES, A.C. et al. Nevertheless, several controversies have been raised over the years concerning the safety of yucca’s saponin constituents. Im Futter ist es aber drin. In: SIMPÓSIO DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO E PESQUISA EM NUTRIÇÃO E PRODUÇÃO ANIMAL, 5., 2011, Pirassununga. ; MUETZEL, M.; BECKER, K. Effect of Quillaja saponaria saponins and Yucca schidigera plant extract on growth Escherichia coli. 2004), which have distinct action mechanisms. The data in this study disagrees with Shurson et al. Bras. (1978), who found complexes formed between the root saponins of alfalfa and zinc and iron, in an in vitro study. ; SAAD, F.M.O.B. As for magnesium, unlike the finding in the trial with super premium feed, a difference was found (P<0.05) between treatments. Actual and potential applications of Yucca schidigera and Quillaja saponaria saponins in human and animal nutrition. Moreover, the results of this study are in line with those reported by Çabuk et al. The author presents a table in which the adsorption of ammonia by the zeolite was 1.53, 0.91 and 0.70 mg/g, with the addition of 1.0, 10.0 and 15.0 g zeolite, respectively. The experiment was divided into two periods, and in each experimental period the animals were distributed in a completely randomized design, consisting of 7 treatments (control diet, control diet with addition of 125, 250 and 375ppm of Yucca schidigera and control diet with addition of 0.5%, 0.75% and 1.0% zeolite), with the animals being considered an experimental plot, totaling 42 experimental plots, and considering a period in the statistical model. BrunettoI, IFaculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia - Universidade de São Paulo – Pirassununga, SP IIUniversidade Federal de Lavras – Lavras, MG IIIFaculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia - Universidade de São Paulo – São Paulo, SP. However, Sen et al. It is a saponin (has soap-like foaming action) and has caused red blood cells to burst (hemolysis) in test tubes. Sci., v.77, p.1-10, 1999. Vet. As well as benefits for plant growth, and soil permeability. Bras. Zootec., v.19, p.2242-2246, 2010. Univ. A trial was conducted to assess the effects of the dietary supplement Yucca schidigera extract on the performance of broilers subjected to different coccidiosis control methods. The efficacy of Yucca schidigera will also depend on type of preparation and food composition. Rural, v.36, p.610-616, 2006. Arq. stand out as homofermentatives microorganisms that have, as the only product of the fermentation, lactic acid, a product which has high capacity to reduce the pH of the intestinal tract, and this is one condition to facilitate calcium absorption due to its ionization. One possible explanation for the finding in this study regarding the calcium element is that interaction may have occurred between the percentage of nitrogen-free extractives in the diet (62.3% on a dry matter basis) and microbial population. The analyzes for the determination of calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium, copper, zinc, iron and manganese were conducted at IMA (Institute of Agriculture of the state of Minas Gerais), located in Belo Horizonte, MG. Yucca schidigera e zeólita em alimento para gatos e seus efeitos na excreção de minerais. The work was divided into two experimental assessments; the first was conducted using feed from the super premium segment and the second feed from the standard segment, according to the classification by the nutritional guide PIQ PET (Associação..., 2008). I did get over the expectation that cat poop would smell like roses a long time ago, so I’m much more interested in how this supplement will nourish my cats. Die enthaltenen Saponine hemmen Bakterien- und Pilzwachstum. (2009) found a reduction in the adsorption of Cu2+, Zn2+ e Mn2+, evaluated in mixed solutions, when compared to simple solutions. Keywords: adsorption, pets, clinoptilolite. Regarding phosphorus, the difference (P<0.05) found in the control treatment for additives may be related to the physiological mechanism to maintain the Ca:P ratio. Zootec., v.40, p.2471-2475, 2011. Both in the adaptation and in the collection phases the administration of additives was performed using capsules (Vittara Farmácia de Manipulação, Lavras, MG), the control group received empty capsules as placebo. Efeitos "in vitro" da zeólita NaY sobre fontes de cálcio e fósforo em rações para frangos de corte. [ Links ], McDOWELL, L.R. [ Links ], HAZEWINKEL, H.A.W. SantosI; F.M.O.B. ; ROQUE, N.C. et al. Rev. The authors mention that the hydrated sodium zeolite is less stable than the clinoptilolite at low pH, such as in the stomach, and that the aluminum in its structure could interfere negatively on calcium absorption. Brit. Rosemary Extract: cheap preservative known to cause seizures in cats and small dogs and not proven safe, either in the US or in Europe. et al. These authors found a reduction in odor from the feces of dogs and cats, possibly by the action of zeolite on ammonia. It is widely used to wash toxins from the intestines. The latter authors worked with fecal score rather than percentage of water in the feces, the fecal score, however, presents a far greater degree of subjectivity. It’s also in dog food. The standard feeds are characterized by variable formulation, with the inclusion of ingredients under their market availability and price, while the super premium feeds are products with high nutritional values that include special ingredients and fixed formulation. Thus, this study was conducted aiming to evalute the effect of the inclusion of Yucca schidigera and natural zeolite (Clinoptilolite) on the acceptability of feed (measured by dry matter intake), stool characteristics (average daily fecal output and percentage of water in the feces) and apparent indigestibility coefficient for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, manganese, iron, copper and zinc, in adult dogs fed diets from the super premium and standard segments. The saponins are natural detergents that form stable foams, which contain both fat– and … Thus, in Tab. J. Anim. That means it can reduce odors in your cat’s litter box, which benefits both you and your pet. [ Links ], LOWE, J.A. McDowell (1992) mentions that complexes formed between magnesium and phosphorus may occur which leads to reduced absorption from magnesium. 398 p.         [ Links ], OMORUYI, F.O. Wirksam ist Yucca Schidigera vor allen Dingen gegen Blähungen, Arthritis und Rheuma von Tieren. Periodically one finds an ingredient called Yucca schidigera extract on the label of a petfood—and not just on dog and cat food labels. In the December 2020 issue of Petfood Industry, learn about the sustainability of extrusion, CBD trends and store brands in pet specialty retail. (1984) and Omoruyi et al. ; SANTOS, J.P.F. However, Shurson et al. Food Sci., v.43, p.1342-1343, 1978. Thus, the negative effect of saponins on bile salts reflects the reduction in micelle formation and emulsification of dietary lipids and, consequently, in their absorption, corroborating the findings of Santos et al. Toxicity Level. Many of these concerns stem from cases of intestinal bloating or photosensitivity in livestock. Bras. 3.ed. (1984) working with pigs to evaluate the effect of increasing levels of hydrated sodium zeolite (0%, 1%, 2% and 3%) and clinoptilolite (0%, 2.5%, 5.0% and 7.5%) and mentioned a linear decrease in calcium retention only with hydrated sodium zeolite, without clinoptilolite action on the mineral. Call now: (855) 764-7661. ; MACHADO JÚNIOR, H.F.; GOMES, A.V.C. (1991) who mention actual absorption of calcium between 70%-91%; 23%-43%; and 45%-65% for feed with low, normal and high percentage of calcium (0.55%, 3.3%, and 1.1%, respectively). The second assessment was conducted with standard feed, using 21 experimental plots distributed in three treatments (standard diet referred to as control and control with the addition of 375ppm of Yucca schidigera and 1.0% zeolite). There are many different forms of yucca, with Yucca Intensive probably being the most commonly used for use in dogs. (2010) has found no difference between the values of blood urea for dogs fed diets containing 250 ppm Yucca schidigera and 0.75% zeolite when compared with the control feed. (2002), working with different calcium levels for broilers and percentage of phosphorus fixed, the authors suggest that the increase in the level of calcium in the diet may result in decreased absorption of calcium and phosphorus. [ Links ], ROQUE, N.C.; SAAD, F.M.O.B. ; KERSHAW, A.S. [ Links ], ÇABUK, M.; ALÇIÇEK, A.; BOZKURT, M.; AKKAN, S. Effect of Yucca schidigera and natural zeolite on broiler performance. The inclusion of 1.0% zeolite decreased the indigestibility of magnesium (70.41%) compared to the control treatment (80.63%). ; CURVELLO, F.A. [ Links ], SEN, S.; MAKKAR, H.P.S. The content of this page is not veterinary advice. [ Links ], SHURSON, G.C. To supply of zeolite (clinoptilolite) and Yucca schidigera additives for the animals was dissolved in 10 ml heated water and subsequently mixed with the wet feed (amount calculated to meet 10% of the energy requirement of the animals) and subsequently homogenized in the dry feed. The inclusion of 375ppm Yucca schidigera led to increased mineral absorption, with apparent indigestibility coefficient of 52.08%. [ Links ], SILVA, D.J. Overdosage of yucca is very dangerous and can lead to even death. Are pet adoptions truly rising? MaiaII; C.P. Washington, D.C: National Academy of Science, National Academy Press, 2006. You might even find it on ferret and rabbit food labels; and for those of you who consider your horse a pet, you may see it in horse feeds. [ Links ], SANTOS, J.P.F. Arq. Rural: Série Ciências da Vida, v.22, p.89-95, 2003. Yucca is a natural supplement sometimes given to dogs to treat a very wide range of conditions including arthritis and related joint problems. J. Motsi et al. (2011a) when working with cats, and Lowe and Kershaw (1997), when supplementing 250ppm Yucca schidigera for dogs, who found no effect of the additive on the frequency of defecation, fecal output and format, as well as the retention time of fecal volume. It is cited to hold positive effects for livestock growth, feed efficiency, and health. ANIMAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND INSPECTION OF ANIMAL PRODUCTS ZOOTECNIA E TECNOLOGIA E INSPEÇÃO DE PRODUTOS DE ORIGEM ANIMAL, Inclusion of Yucca schidigera and zeolite in dog feed: influence on mineral excretion, Inclusão de Yucca schidigera e zeólita em alimentos para cães: influência sobre a excreção de minerais, J.P.F. Minerals in animal and human nutrition. (2010) in palatability tests with additives for cats and dogs respectively, and Santos et al. Overall, it was found that Yucca ingestion generally improves the character and intensity of canine and feline aroma. [ Links ], CARCIOFI A.C.; VASCONCELOS R.S. Regarding the reduction in the coefficient of ether extract digestibility and increased calcium excretion, Calvert et al. Yucca Schidigera Extract: purported to decrease the odor in feces, Yucca is on many lists of plants toxic to both dogs and cats. Inclusão de Yucca schidigera e zeólita (Clinoptilolita) em alimento comercial para cães adultos e seus efeitos sobre a digestibilidade de nutrientes. The ameliorating effect of Yucca schidigera extract on canine and feline faecal aroma. O segundo foi realizado com um alimento standard, utilizando-se 21 parcelas experimentais distribuídas em três tratamentos (dieta standard denominada controle e controle com adição de 375ppm de Yucca schidigera e 1,0% de zeólita). Es kann die Darmflora verbessern, unterstützt auch den Zellschutz und die Immunabwehr. As for the treatments with 125ppm of Yucca schidigera and 0.75% zeolite, they did not differ from the control group, but were below the maximum level (1.0%) of zeolite (17.66% and 14.17%, respectively). (2011a) when assessing the acceptability of additives in cats. The determinations were performed by atomic absorption spectrophotometer according to procedures recommended by Cantle (1982). The worst symptoms are seen in large animals grazing on this plant, while in dogs and cats it's likely to cause mild vomiting and diarrhea, according to the Pet Poison Helpline. Inter. It is possible to verify that phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron, manganese, copper and zinc were not affected (P>0.05) in their excretion with the inclusion of additives, corroborating Santos et al. Efeito nos níveis de cálcio sobre a absorção de minerais em dietas inicias para frangos de corte suplementadas com fitase. The inclusion of Yucca schidigera and zeolite in both standard and super premium feed did not interfere negatively on dry matter intake and fecal characteristics. The overall decrease in fecal offensiveness is 26%. New shelter data casts doubt on whether the pet population and pet ownership are truly growing. Química Nova, v.31, p.1237-1242, 2008. The Shapiro-Wilk test was performed to assess the normality of the residuals and maximum F test for variance homogeneity. 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Veterinary advice und entlastet dadurch auch Leber und Niere and potential applications of Yucca, with apparent indigestibility of..., magnesium, reflected in reduced absorption complexes formed between the root saponins of alfalfa and zinc and,... Officials – AAFCO to procedures recommended by Cantle ( 1982 ) and «. The same concentrations of zeolite ( 1.0 % zeolite decreased the indigestibility of magnesium ( 70.41 %.! Informativo, v.110, p. 1-5 ( Resumo ), 2011b moreover, Hauptili and Lovatto ( )!