Another instance of such association is found in the apostolic benediction recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14. His power is uncontrolled by human invention. The current trend has been to emphasize the present work of the Spirit without a due consideration of His Person without which His work has no real foundation. F. E. Marsh adds to these suggestions that (5) “Among men a seal signifies a finished transaction”; (6) that the seal constitutes a mark of recognition; (7) that the seal implies secrecy and (8) obligation; and that “the seal leaves an impression upon the wax which corresponds to it,” i.e., is evidenced in the life of the believer.24 It is an evidence of the grace of God that such assurance should be given the believer in this age. Q. (3) The Holy Spirit is omnipresent (Ps 139:7), an attribute only God may possess. In reference to the Spirit, then, water speaks of eternal life, of cleansing by washing, of the unlimited abundance of blessing, and spiritual refreshment. As His Person is pure spirit, to which no material is essential, He is revealed in the Scriptures as the Spirit. The work of the Holy Spirit in creation and all subsequent operations involves the procession of the Spirit. The Spirit of Holiness (Rom 1:14), the Holy Spirit (Matt 1:20), and the Holy One (1 John 2:20) is our sanctifier. The matter of interpretation enters into the problem. Watson7 notes that inspiration of Scripture may be traced to God (Heb 1:1), to the Holy Spirit (2 Pet 1:21), and to the Spirit of Christ (1 Pet 1:11). Hence, we find the Spirit being sent into the world to reveal truth on behalf of Christ (John 16:13-15), with the special mission of making the things of Christ known and magnifying the Father and the Son. In this video I discuss whether the Holy Spirit is a person or not and the biblical definition of personhood. It is inconceivable that the Scriptures should turn from the normal neuter to the masculine unless a person is in view. Another title of the Holy Spirit, which does not involve the name spirit, however, is that of Comforter, from παράκλητος, meaning, according to Thayer, when used in its widest sense. From these several identifications, an inescapable conclusion is reached of the deity of the Holy Spirit. Typology in relation to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is not of great importance, but the eight major types of the Spirit discussed here will add their revelation to other fields of investigation. A seal by its nature indicates (1) security, (2) safety, (3) ownership, (4) authority. In a different way, Isaiah experienced such a cleansing and preparation in his call to service (Isa 6:6, 7). John F. Walvoord, long-time president of Dallas Theological Seminary, was one of the most prominent evangelical scholars of his generation. A study of the references to the Holy Spirit by various titles in Scripture will reveal some significant facts. This is done unconsciously rather than deliberately, their relation to the Spirit effecting this response. The following verses give us a beautiful picture of the Trinity in the Bible: Matthew 3:16-17. Five titles are found relating the Holy Spirit to the Son: (1) Spirit of Christ (Rom 8:9; 1 Pet 1:11); (2) Spirit of Jesus Christ (Phil 1:19); (3) Spirit of Jesus (Acts 16:7 Revised Version); (4) Spirit of His Son (Gal 4:6); (5) Spirit of the Lord (Acts 5:9; 8:39). 19 Emblems of the Holy Spirit, pp. No valid reason may be found for this except as indicating His personality. Search. Chicago, IL 60610 (800) DL-MOODY. The various qualities of His Person demonstrate that personality is a necessity, the center without which other qualities could not exist. Oh, Peace. (1) The unity of the Spirit is revealed in the title, One Spirit (Eph 4:4). How has the Holy Spirit transformed your life since becoming a Christian? Blasphemy in its nature is an act against deity. The Holy Spirit Himself is the Seal. Scripture describes the Holy Spirit in personal terms, not as an impersonal force, when it says that He teaches, guides, comforts and intercedes.1 He possesses emotions, intellect and will.2 The Holy Spirit spoke to Philip and gave counsel to the church at Jerusalem.3 He was sinned against and lied to.4, The Scriptures also attest to the deity of the Holy Spirit. The context indicates spiritual or eternal life is in view, which, originally, was the possession of God alone, now bestowed on some of His creatures through regeneration. As the Holy Spirit possesses life, personality is necessary. The Holy Spirit is more than a force—He’s a Person. Our inheritance, our salvation, our glory, our fellowship with God, our likeness unto Him, our freedom from sin and its evils, all are represented in the token payment of the Person of the Spirit. We may see, then, in the work of both the Son and the Spirit, an illustration of the respective doctrines of eternal generation and procession. The place itself he never can lose, inasmuch as his Head and Representative, Christ, occupies it on his behalf. Since one of the major aspects of God’s nature is that he is a person, it follows that the Holy Spirit is a person. In Level 1, Dr. Kevin Zadai shares how the Holy Spirit is the most important person in your life. The personality of the Holy Spirit has been attacked by Socinius and his followers ancient and modern who have held to the general position that the Holy Spirit is an impersonal energy proceeding from God. The person of the Holy Spirit is not only forgotten by those whom we describe as liberals or modernists in their theology (that is always true of them), but we ourselves are often guilty of … The inference from John 15:26 is certainly that of an eternal relation. The Bible provides many details about Him that point to His personhood, yet many of us do not think of the Spirit as someone we can know. As πνεῦμα is neuter, it would naturally take neuter pronouns to have grammatical agreement. This has been the position of the orthodox body of Christians from the beginning. We believe that the Holy Spirit is co-equal with God the Father and God the Son and is of the same essence. In Luke 24:49, Christ told His disciples to tarry in Jerusalem until “ye be endued with power from on high.” The word translated endued is ἐνδύσησθε, which literally means, to clothe. In the tribulation period the Spirit will be involved in salvation and filling.25 In the coming kingdom of Jesus Christ, the Spirit will be in God's people and the Spirit will be upon the King.26, 1 John 14:26; Romans 8:14; John 14:26; Romans 8:26, 2 Ephesians 4:30; 1 Corinthians 2:10–14; 1 Corinthians 12:11, 5 Acts 5:1–4; Isaiah 6:8–9 with Acts 28:25; Jeremiah 31:31–34; with Hebrews 10:15, 6 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19; Ephesians 2:22, 7 1 Corinthians 2:10–11; Psalm 139:7; Zechariah 4:6; Hebrews 9:14, 8 Genesis 1:2; John 3:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:13, 11 Genesis 6:3; Genesis 1:2; Isaiah 40:12, 16 Romans 12: 1, 2; Ephesians 5:18; Colossians 3:16, 21 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13; 4:30, 23 Romans 12; 1 Corinthians 12; Ephesians 4, Dr. John Perkins with wise words to the church on race, Moody Bible Institute820 N. LaSalle Blvd. The personality of the Holy Spirit has been attacked by Socinius and his followers ancient and modern who have held to the general position that the Holy Spirit is an impersonal energy proceeding from God. A comparison of Scriptures often reveals an association of the Persons of the Trinity in terms which infer equality of association. Apart from other blessings of the presence of the Holy Spirit is the significant fact that He in all the wonder of His Person should be indwelling the saint. The third proof that the Holy Spirit is a real person is from the fact, that personal qualities are, in Scripture, ascribed to the Holy Spirit. (4) Omniscience belongs to the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 2:10-11), and (5) omnipotence, as illustrated in His work of creation (Gen 1:2). See our Privacy Policy for more information. It may be concluded that the reference to fire in connection with the day of Pentecost had in view the sanctification and preparation for fellowship and service necessary for the ministry that lay ahead. It was used in the anointing of the priests and the consecration of the tabernacle (Lev 8). This site uses cookies to provide you with more responsive and personalized service and to collect certain information about your use of the site. In connection with the sovereign bestowal of spiritual gifts on men, the Spirit is said to accomplish this “as he will” (1 Cor 12:11). From the various uses of oil in the Bible, we may conclude that oil bespeaks of holiness, sanctification, revelation, illumination, dedication, and healing. To this end, this article will constitute another voice testifying to the fact that the study of the Persons of the Trinity is foundational to all theological truth. ), and in the books of Moses. While personification of things material and immaterial is common, such uses of the personal pronouns are quite obvious and do not cause confusion. (3) The deity of the Holy Spirit is conclusive evidence of personality, as sustained in the material upholding the deity of the Holy Spirit to be given in a later section. THE PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. One potential argument that the Holy Spirit is a person is to look at the Greek words in John 14:26, 15:26, and 16:13-14. In speaking of the Son, the Scriptures affirm His generation eternally (Ps 2:7), while in speaking of the Spirit, the word proceed is used, as we have seen. Thayer defines it, “Money which in purchases is given as a pledge that the full amount will subsequently be paid.”21 The Holy Spirit Himself rather than His gifts is the Earnest. Log in Sign up. Introduction – You and I are each one person – body, soul and spirit. 6 Ordination - THE PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. In like manner, the presence of the Holy Spirit is said to be the presence of God. The term God as found in the translations of the Old and New Testaments is frequently identified with the Holy Spirit. (6) Spirit of Life affirms the eternal life of the Spirit (Rom 8:2). Even so … It may be concluded therefore, without further summation of the arguments, that the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit is impregnable. The procession of the Holy Spirit cannot be compared to the incarnation, as the incarnation was not essential to deity, though it is essential to its manifestation, especially the attributes of love and righteousness as they combine in grace. Yet He is also distinct from them. You. Both titles refer to the same entity. The instances of reference to oil in the Old Testament outnumber those to the Holy Spirit. In the former instance it is significant of eternal life in abundance; in the latter case, it indicates the unending blessings flowing from His Person and work, the meaning made clear by the use of the term, rivers of living water. According to the Scriptures, it is possible to sin against the Holy Spirit (Isa 63:10); grieve Him (Eph 4:30); reverence Him (Ps 51:11); and obey Him (Acts 10:19-21). 44:45. All agree that the term Jehovah is a title of deity. 1 Cor 3:13). This potential confusion of understanding is quite easily avoided by realizing that the Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit is not a person but the power by which the Father gave human life to Jesus in the womb of Mary. The Holy Spirit is referred to as a person by scripture – Rom. His presence is our guarantee. In the Old Testament the Hebrew word (ruwach, pronounced roo’-akh) was used when talking about the Spirit. In the tabernacle, the pure olive oil which kept the lamp burning continually in the holy place speaks eloquently of the ministry of the Holy Spirit in revelation and illumination, without which the showbread (Christ) would be unseen in the darkness, and the way into the holiest of all would not be made plain (Exod 27:20-21). Without a doubt, the most tangible and conclusive evidence for the personality of the Holy Spirit is found in His works. The Holy Spirit is included in the Trinity, which is made up of three distinct persons: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The essential of mind or intelligence is further confirmed by His works. (1) The Holy Spirit is revealed as possessing life (Rom 8:2). The experience of the Christian life and faith enters into these realities and affirms that it is most natural for Christians to regard the Holy Spirit as they would regard a person. 1 KINGDOM for ALL 164,468 views. The context does not indicate definitely what the “tongues like as of fire” represented. (3) The ministry of the Holy Spirit in effecting the sanctification of the believer is another illustration (2 Thess 2:13). If it may be assumed here that God possesses personality, if the Holy Spirit is a Person of the Trinity, He in turn possesses personality. Personality, which is an attribute of His Person, is demonstrated by the actions of the Person. It is necessary, therefore, to allow the context to determine the meaning of the word in all of its occurrences. In a discussion of the Person of the Holy Spirit, few writers will claim any large degree of originality. • He has a purpose, which is leading us into all truth. The inconsistency of this position drove Arius and his followers finally to renounce completely the personality of the Spirit, and, as Hodge points out, no further attempt in this direction has been made since. In the Old Testament, however, רוח is used over one hundred times for the Holy Spirit. stoon77. Every aspect of the truth regarding the Holy Spirit speaks in eloquent terms of His deity. Five of the titles of the Holy Spirit refer to some extent to Him as the author of revelation and wisdom: (10) Spirit of Wisdom (Exod 28:3; Eph 1:7); (11) Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding (Isa 11:2); (12) Spirit of Counsel and Might (Isa 11:2); (13) Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2); (14) Spirit of Truth (John 14:17). The other approach, which is taken here, is through the explicit reference of Scripture, revealing certain attributes. What did John mean when he said Jesus would baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire? (2) The work of the Holy Spirit in regeneration (John 3:6) likewise is clearly in the realm of a work of God. A comparison of Isaiah 6:8-9 and Acts 28:25 will reveal that the Jehovah of Isaiah is the Holy Spirit of Acts. Cummings lists eighty-eight references to the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament.13 The American Standard Version of the Bible by means of initial capital letters indicates considerably more than this. 8:11, “But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you.” Men may influence, but only God can sanctify. Although He is equal with the Father and the Son, He is lesser in terms of role and submits to both (John 15:26). From the more complete discussion of His works to follow, these illustrations will be sufficient: (1) His work in creation (Gen 1:2); (2) His work in empowering (Zech 4:6); (3) His teaching ministry (John 16:13); (4) His guidance (Isa 48:16; Rom 8:14); (5) His comforting (John 14:26); (6) His prayer (Rom 8:26); (7) His work of convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8); (8) His restraint of sin (Isa 59:19); (9) His authoritative commands (Acts 8:29; 13:2; 16:7). The Holy Spirit is not just a person; He is a divine Person. This subordination without detracting from the eternal glory and divine attributes which characterized all three Persons is illustrated abundantly in the Scriptures (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). 23 Cf. It should be clear from these citations that personality is absolutely necessary to explain these ministries. ”a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles.”18 It is found frequently in the New Testament (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). This was a work never repeated. In any case, the instances are numerous and well scattered throughout the Old Testament. He has been introduced thither by the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ, and nothing should be suffered to take him thence. The revelation of the Scriptures, the theological discussion of the Christian centuries, the many publications on the subject, however brief and limited in their treatment of the subject, have summed a total of theological literature which very few can exceed in a lifetime of study. that the Holy Spirit is a person, there are those who understand [010] us to mean that the Holy Spirit has hands and feet and eyes and ears and mouth, and so on, but these are not the characteristics of personality but of corporeity. He is considered perhaps the world's foremost interpreter of biblical prophecy.John is perhaps best known for his bestselling work on Bible prophecy, Armageddon... More, 4. Accordingly, it is of great significance that this title is given the Holy Spirit. The Spirit is like the wind. Log in Sign up. The work of F. E. Marsh goes far to illustrate the beauties in this type.19. From the assumption that the Holy Spirit is God, it may be deducted that every attribute of the Trinity is an attribute of the Holy Spirit. Jehovah is used of all three Persons of the Trinity severally as well as of the Trinity corporately. They seem to bear no special relation to chronology, as they appear chiefly in Isaiah (750 B.C. (3) The identity of the Holy Spirit and the Essence of the Trinity is affirmed in the title, The Lord the Spirit (2 Cor 3:18). in time. All spiritual references to water do not necessarily refer to the Spirit directly. But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament; 4. "22, The Holy Spirit sovereignly bestows spiritual gifts or abilities for service to every believer.23 Although His restraint of evil in the world today will cease with the rapture,24 He will continue to be present in the earth. THE PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. 2 Theological Institutes, Vol. The use of personal pronouns in relation to the Holy Spirit in Scripture is sufficiently frequent to justify a conclusion that He is a person. The Spirit of Truth (John 14:17) has a similar idea. we have understanding. 18 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. Cummings notes that the Pentateuch has fourteen references, none in Leviticus, that Isaiah and Ezekiel have fifteen each, and that the references are scattered throughout twenty-two of the thirty-nine books of the Old Testament.14 The concise summary of Cummings on the significance of these references may well be quoted: “It is impossible to say that the passages increase in number, or in clearness, with any special characteristic of the books of Scripture. Theologians have borrowed the Scriptural distinctions as to the eternal relation of the Second and Third Persons to the First Person. The Christian indwelt by the Holy Spirit is indwelt by God (1 Cor 3:16; 6:19; Eph 2:22). No other mention is made of them in the New Testament, but the Old Testament reference is more frequent. The Holy Spirit is a person, as Scripture makes clear. We may conclude as Charles Hodges does: “He is therefore presented in the Scriptures as the proper object of worship, not only in the formula of baptism and in the apostolic benediction, which bring the doctrine of the Trinity into constant remembrance as the fundamental truth of our religion, but also in the constant requirement that we look to Him and depend on Him for all spiritual good, and reverence and obey Him as our divine teacher and sanctifier.”8. This doctrine will be considered more at length in the section dealing with it. In Exodus it is as the Spirit of wisdom that He is specially-and exclusively-regarded. Amen. All the future blessings of God are assured by the presence of the Holy Spirit. International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, v.s., Oil. While the Father sends the Son and the Spirit, the Son never sends the Father, but does send the Spirit. Embraced in this opening article are the following major divisions of the Person of the Holy Spirit: (1) The Personality of the Holy Spirit; (2) The Deity of the Holy Spirit; (3) the Procession of the Holy Spirit; (4) The Titles of the Holy Spirit; (5) The Types of the Holy Spirit. John 3:8 uses the word for spirit to represent wind instead of the more common word (πνεῦμα for ἀνεμος). The Holy Spirit (or Holy Ghost,) is the third divine person of The Trinity. In the baptismal formula of Matthew 28:19, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are related on an equal basis. The remaining lines of evidence are even more important. … The use of a dove as a type of the Holy Spirit is strikingly brought to our attention in the description of the baptism of Christ. Likewise the apostolic benediction as recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14 indicates an equality in respect to personality of the members of the Trinity. In Isaiah, and in the Psalms, the twofold teaching concerning Him is His connection with the Messiah on the one hand, and what may be called His personal qualities, such as being grieved, or vexed, by ingratitude or rebellion, on the other.”15. While the statements vary, the fact of the procession is clearly stated in all as being eternal and distinguished from generation. On that occasion all four Gospels mention that the Holy Spirit descended upon Christ in the form of a dove (Matt 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32). The Spirit neither sends the Father nor the Son, but is subordinate to Their will which at all times is His own will, and accomplishes His work in the earth. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). From the explicit revelation of the attributes of the Holy Spirit, it may be concluded that His deity is given further evidence against which no argument could stand. We have a revelation by the spirit right now in the name of Jesus, I thank you for this. In the case of Christ, His eternal generation involved the work of the Son which was accomplished in time, fulfilling the covenant of redemption. Subsequent articles will deal with the Work of the Holy Spirit.]. The transcendence of the Spirit is indicated (15) in the title, Free Spirit (Ps 51:12). He is included in the Great Commission with the Father and the Son (Mat 28:19-20; to baptize in his name is idolatry if he is not God – Grudem). The type is nowhere explained in Scripture. In Ezekiel, for instance, it is the action of the Holy Spirit in transporting the prophet bodily to the places where he is needed, which accounts for six of the passages out of fifteen. The figure would seem to indicate that the presence and power of the Holy Spirit is our protection from the world and our official vestment. 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